Medical Emergencies

Providing Aid: Initial Response

Check the scene for safety. Check the victim for consciousness.

  1. Checking the unconscious victim:
    • Tap and shout to see if the person responds.
    • If no response, have someone call for an ambulance.
    • Look, listen, and feel for breathing for about five seconds.
    • If no breathing, position victim on back while supporting head and neck.
    • Tilt head back and lift chin.
    • Look, listen, and feel for breathing for about five seconds.
    • Check for severe bleeding.
    • Care for life-threatening conditions if you have the proper training.
  2. If the victim is conscious:
    • Watch for changes in breathing and consciousness.
    • Help the victim rest comfortably.
    • Keep the victim from getting chilled or overheated.
    • Reassure the victim.
    • Do not move seriously injured persons unless they are in danger of further injury.

When to Call an Ambulance

Call 911 and notify the university police if the victim:

  • Is unconscious
  • Has trouble breathing
  • Has a chest pain or pressure
  • Is bleeding severely
  • Has pressure or pain in the abdomen that does not go away
  • Is vomiting or passing blood
  • Has repeated seizures or a seizure that lasts for more than a few minutes
  • Has a severe headache or slurred speech
  • Appears to have been poisoned
  • Has injuries to the head, neck, or back
  • Has possible broken bones