Human Trafficking

Human Trafficking BarcodeHuman trafficking is modern day slavery that includes: force, fraud, and or coercion. It is used to obtain labor or a commercial sex act.

  • Human trafficking generates $150 billion each year; McDonald's only makes $30 billion each year.
  • It's present in every US state.
  • Most victims are between 16-27 years old.
  • Most people estimate there are between 30-40 million victims worldwide.

Types of Human Trafficking

Labor Trafficking

  • Forced labor in:
    • Food/produce/farming
    • Construction
    • Domestic work
  • More common for imprisonment of men
  • Labor trafficking is the most common form of human trafficking

Sex Trafficking

  • Forced sex slaves or prostitution
  • No consent or profit for individual
  • Accounts for almost 25 percent of all human trafficking
  • May also involve forced surrogacy or removal of the ovaries
  • Many end up arrested and charged for prostitution

How Does This Happen?

The Circumstances

  • Many are offered great job “opportunities” far from their homes with little information on who is offering the job.
  • People already in sex work may be captured or threatened into sexual slavery.
  • A family member/family friend or abusive partner may manipulate someone into sexual acts or labor for their profit.

How to Stay Safe

  • Be aware of mysterious opportunities that involve unknown strangers.
  • Don't meet people from the internet without information about their identity and history.
  • Be aware of abusive tactics used by people close to you or dangerous favors they ask you to do.

Warning Signs of Human Trafficking

  • They are not in possession of their passports, identification, or legal documents.
  • They can be coerced into drug use by traffickers, or turn to substance abuse to help cope with their enslavement.
  • They may have a cell phone despite a lack of other basic belongings.
  • They may demonstrate affection towards their abuser. It is possible they have developed Stockholm Syndrome, where kidnapped victims, over time, become sympathetic to their captors.
  • They feel that they are unable to leave their current situation.
  • Victims are with a controlling person who speaks for them.
  • They don't have their own vehicle.
  • They live and work at the same place.
  • Their pay is “withheld for safe keeping.” In many cases, the person is working to pay off a debt.
  • They recently arrived in the country and do not speak the language, or they only know sex-related or labor-related words.
  • They may be fearful, depressed, and overly submissive.
  • They're scared to talk to authorities, since they're closely monitored.
  • They may have signs of abuse, and may show signs of being denied food, water, sleep, and/or medical care.

Human Trafficking Power and Control Wheel

Human Trafficking Power and Control Wheel