Graduate Courses and Descriptions

BIOL 502 Advanced Human Anatomy 3 cr.

An intensive study of the gross anatomical structures and their functions within the human body. The courseexplores the organization and integration of the human body on a region by region basis. For each region ofthe body, students will observe all structures within that region simultaneously. This approach allows students to appreciate the integration of different biological systems within the body. Laboratory sessions will centeron regional cadaver dissection by groups of students to appreciate 3-dimensional anatomical
relationships. Prerequisite: Graduate student status or permission of instructor; not open to students whohave successfully completed BIOL 150.

BIOL 505* Biology of the Cell 3 cr.

Introduces students to the cellular and molecular mechanisms by which individual cells grow, receive and respond to internal and external signals, and move. The course will discuss the latest advances in the discipline, and the students will be expected to utilize the current literature on their own as a means of building critical thinking skills. The student-centered laboratory portion of the course will emphasize individual and group activities. Prerequisites: BIOL 111, CHEM 231, or permission of the instructor.

BIOL 525* Herpetology 3 cr.

A comprehensive survey of the classes of Amphibia and Reptilia, including their classification, structure, origin, evolution, phylogenetic relationships, distribution, and natural history. Special emphasis is placed on the herpetofauna of Pennsylvania.

BIOL 550* Pymatuning: Field Studies 3 cr.

During the summer session, various field courses are offered through the Pymatuning Laboratory of Ecology. The offerings will vary depending on the summer. Some of the possible offerings include Experimental Design, Fish Ecology, Behavioral Ecology, Aquatic Botany, and Ecological Genetics. Information regarding specific offerings is available from the Biology Department in spring.

BIOL 553* Plant Physiology 3 cr.

Physiological processes occurring in plants are considered in relation to growth, development, and ecology of plants.

BIOL 555* Animal Behavior 3 cr.

The biological study of animal behavior. Topics include the mechanisms, development, ecology, and evolution of behavior. Prerequisite: BIOL 220 or permission of the instructor.

BIOL 556* Ecological Toxicology 3 cr.

A study of the impact of chemical pollutants and other stresses on nonhuman biological systems from the subcellular to ecosystem levels. An ecological risk assessment will be conducted in the field and laboratory settings. Prerequisites: One year Biology, one year Chemistry.

BIOL 560* Fundamentals of Environmental Epidemiology 3 cr.

Study of the health consequences of involuntary exposure to harmful chemical and biological agents in the general environment. Disease etiology, occurrence, and intervention in human populations will be examined through epidemiologic study using analytical methods and applications. Prerequisites: MATH 216 or 217; BIOL 104 or 112; or permission of the instructor.

BIOL 563* Limnology 3 cr.

An investigation into the physical, chemical, and biological aspects of inland waters and their interrelationships. Saturday or Sunday labs may be required. Prerequisite: Ecology.

BIOL 564* Immunology 3 cr.

Study of anatomy and function of immune system, physical and chemical properties of antigens and antibodies, nature of antigen-antibody interactions, humoral and cell-mediated immune responses, and immunopathology. Prerequisites: Biochemistry and Microbiology.

BIOL 566* Principles of Virology 3 cr.

Topics include structure, classification, assay, and transmission of animal, bacterial, and plant viruses; methods used in the study of viruses; viral replication, gene expression, and gene regulation; host-viral interactions and subviral pathogens.

BIOL 571* Dendrology of the Eastern U.S. 3 cr.

A field course that examines the taxonomy, morphology, and ecology of the tree species in the eastern portion of North America. The forests of Pennsylvania will be emphasized in the course.

BIOL 573* Seedless Vascular Plants: Ferns and Allied Flora 3 cr.

A comprehensive survey of morphological and habitat characteristics of seedless vascular plants (generally ferns and their allies) of Pennsylvania and the surrounding states. Prerequisite: BIOL 210.

BIOL 590 Field Studies in Biology 3 cr.

Various specialized field courses instructed by biologists from IUP. In this course, students will explore the rich diversity and ecology of the flora and fauna that inhabit specialized regions of Pennsylvania, the United States, or other countries. Special emphasis will be placed on the ecology, behavior, and natural history of organisms in their natural surroundings. Students should be prepared to meet travel and living expenses. May be taken more than once for credit and grade if content of course is different.

BIOL 474/574 Spring Flora of the Northeastern U.S. 3 cr.

An in-depth survey of the emerging herbaceous spring flora in the northeastern portion of North America (with emphasis on the herbaceous plants of Pennsylvania). Classes will focus on readings of current research in botanical and scientific journals conveyed through student led discussions. Field identification of representative individuals by common and generic names is also covered.
Prerequisite: BIOL 210 or permission of instructor

BIOL 575* Mammalogy 3 cr.

General discussion of mammals, emphasizing systematics, distribution, and structure-function modifications related to their evolution. A paper is required.

BIOL 576* Parasitology 3 cr.

The parasitic protozoa, flatworms and roundworms. Major emphasis is on species infesting man and includes their structure, physiology, ecology, life cycles, and pathogenicity. Arthropods involved in parasite transmission included. Prerequisites: One year Biology, Vertebrate and Invertebrate Zoology.

BIOL 577* Neurobiology 3 cr.

Presents the underlying mechanisms through which the nervous system mediates behavior, from the molecular to the organismal level. Emphasizes two major themes: 1) the roles of synapses and neuronal excitability in shaping the input/output functions of neurons and neuronal networks, and 2) the role of neuronal development and neuronal experience upon resultant neuronal organization. Prerequisite: BIOL 111 or 105 or 151; or PSYC 350; or permission of instructor.

BIOL 581 Special Topics 3 cr.

BIOL 602 Biometry 3 cr.

The choice and application of standard, efficient, practical, and appropriate statistical techniques for data analyses in common biological situations. Computer instruction emphasizes the practical application of statistical techniques using statistical packages on microcomputers and the IUP mainframe computer. Lecture and computer instruction will be combined in four class hours per week.

BIOL 603 Advanced Techniques in Biology 1-3 cr.

Introduction to advanced techniques and procedures used in biological research. Topics vary. Prerequisite: Permission.

BIOL 611 Biology Seminar I 1 cr.

Develops essential skills for the professional biologist, including public presentation of biological information and the ability to critique biological data and ideas.

BIOL 612 Biology Seminar II 1 cr.

Develops essential skills for the professional biologist, including writing of research proposals and presentation of seminars. Prerequisite: BIOL 611.

BIOL 621 Biology of Animal Taxonomy 3 cr.

Study of classification system and its application to identification of animals. Basic principles of taxonomy rules of nomenclature, a synoptic history of classification, and the "old" and "new" taxonomy rules will be included. A taxonomic field study is required.

BIOL 622 Advanced Ornithology 3 cr.

A detailed study of bird populations, behavior, and movement, including the annual cycle. Prerequisite: Ability to identify local birds visually and by their songs.

BIOL 623 Animal Morphogenesis 3 cr.

Factors that influence and control the differentiation of organs, tissues, and cells. Emphasis placed on experimental procedures and methods. Prerequisites: Embryology or Comparative Anatomy, Organic Chemistry, and Genetics.

BIOL 624 Advanced Entomology 3 cr.

Insect morphology, including external and internal organization of different species of insects. Comparisons between species included. An independent research study and seminar presentation required.

BIOL 631 Plant Ecology 3 cr.

Nature and distribution of vegetation in relation to environmental factors. Field investigations of local plant communities constitute bulk of lab work. Prerequisites: Field Botany, Plant Taxonomy, or general knowledge of local flora.

BIOL 640 Animal Ecology 3 cr.

Effect of environmental factors on animals; animals as members of communities, their trophic relationships, their ecological distribution and population dynamics; and aspects of animal behavior. A field or lab problem is required.

BIOL 641 Population and Community Ecology 3 cr.

The ecology of animal and plant populations, including the study of life tables and demography, population growth and regulation, and the evolution of life history traits. Community ecology considers the interactions among populations such as competition, predation, and mutualism and how such interactions control the composition of a community. Prerequisite: Introductory course in ecology or permission of instructor.

BIOL 645 Behavioral Ecology 3 cr.

A consideration of the behavioral activities of animals in their natural habitats. Evolutionary and ecological implications of behavior will be stressed. Topics include natural history strategies, resource partitioning, reproduction strategies, sexual selection, cooperation, conflict, and social organization.

BIOL 650 Plant Systematics 3 cr.

Introduces students to history, theory, literature, sources, and interpretation of plant systematic data and to methods of plant collection and identification.

BIOL 651 Physiological Ecology of Animals 3 cr.

A consideration of physiological responses of animals to environmental variables with emphasis on the evolutionary aspects of the response. The physiology of invertebrates and vertebrates in aquatic and terrestrial environments will be considered. Prerequisite: A course in physiology or permission of the instructor.

BIOL 653 Animal Physiology 4 cr.

Digestion and molecular transport of nutrients, gaseous exchanges, excretion, muscular activity and control, and endocrine and neural elements. Prerequisite: Animal Biology.

BIOL 662 Molecular Genetics of Eukaryotes 3 cr.

Study of organization and chemical structure of genes in relation to molecular function and evolution. Emphasis will be placed on the genetic systems of eukaryotes and their viruses. Prerequisites: Genetics, Organic Chemistry, and Biochemistry or permission of the instructor.

BIOL 664 Pathogenic Microbiology 3 cr.

Study of disease caused by microorganisms with emphasis on human pathogens. Both epidemiology and aspects of host-parasite relationships. Lab stresses methods of isolation and identification of pathogens. Prerequisite: Microbiology.

BIOL 681 Special Topics 1-3 cr.

Advanced topics in biology. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

BIOL 699 Independent Studies 1-3 cr.

Individual or small group instruction, by tutorial and intensive literature survey, in a particular area not covered by a student's course work or thesis research. By arrangement with instructor and approval of graduate director. Maximum of six hours to be used toward the degree.

BIOL 795 Thesis 2-6 cr.

NOTE: Summer courses offered at the Pymatuning Laboratory of Ecology may be taken for biology elective credit.

* Indicates dual-listed class