Unions and Mining

  • IUP Libraries and the IUP Special Collections & University Archives have assembled a series of essays and other resources on the tumultuous history of unionization among mine workers in the region and the nation.
  • The Coal Strike of 1919 in Indiana County and its Aftermath
    By Dr. Irwin M. Marcus, Eileen Mountjoy, and Beth O'Leary   The history of U.S. coal miners has received limited attention from scholars. Most of the published scholarship has focused on the national scene to
    That Magnificent Fight For Unionism
    By Eileen Mountjoy   During 1920 and 1921, western Pennsylvania's coal mine operators campaigned vigorously to slash wages of the miners they employed. Because demand for coal declined after World War One the operators were forced
    To Organize the Unorganized
    By Eileen Mountjoy   The year 1919 was marked by an explosion of activity in the American labor movement. Discontent surged among industrial workers as promises of wage increases and improved working conditions, made by employers during World War One,
    The Windber Miners' Strike for Union in 1922-1923
    Historians, including many labor historians, have emphasized the economic and political conservatism of the 1920’s, including the American labor movement.
    UMWA Marker Honors Mine Workers
    Eileen Mountjoy   In 1990, the centennial year of the United Mine Workers of America, will be marked by celebrations, both large and small, across the coal fields of several states.  On an international scale, the United Mine Workers Journal,
    Remembering the 1906 Strike for Union in Windber, Pennsylvania
    Select Readings compiled by Mildred Allen Beik. Translations were done by Mildred Allen Beik, with assistance from Jitka Hurych and Alan Cienki. Courtesy of the Immigration History Research Center, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota.   On April 2, 1906, as many
    Primary Sources about the Windber Miners' Strike for Union in 1922-1923
    The following primary sources talk about the miners at Windber, Pennsylvania, and the strike of 1922–1923.