Hot Weather On The Way, Heat Index Over 100

Posted on 7/17/2019 11:18:19 AM

The National Weather Service is warning the area that Friday, July 19, and Saturday, July 20, will be very hot with heat indexes over 100 degrees, so you can expect an excessive heat advisory. An advisory requires temperatures between 100 and 104 degrees. 


Extreme heat is dangerous for everyone, including young children, older adults, and pets. Here are some extreme heat tips to keep your entire family safe.

Be Aware of Heat-Related Illnesses

Heat Cramps: 

Heat cramps are muscular pains and spasms due to heavy exertion. Although heat cramps are the least severe, they are often the first signal that the body is having trouble with the heat.

If these symptoms are observed:

  • Get the person to a cooler location and remove excess clothing.
  • Give cool sports drinks. Do not give liquids with caffeine or alcohol. Discontinue liquids if victim is nauseated.
  • Seek medical attention if: the cramps do not subside in an hour, the victim has heart problems, or is on a low-sodium diet.

Heat Exhaustion:

Heat exhaustion typically occurs when people exercise heavily or work in a hot, humid place where body fluids are lost through heavy sweating. Symptoms include heavy sweating, paleness, muscle cramps, tiredness, weakness, dizziness, headaches, nausea, fainting. If not treated, the victim's condition will worsen.

If these symptoms are observed:

  • Move victim to air-conditioned place and lie down. Loosen or remove clothing.
  • Cool the victim by placing them in a cool shower or bath, or by applying cool, wet cloths.
  • Give sips of water or cool sports drinks containing salt and sugar. Do not give liquids with caffeine or alcohol. Discontinue liquids if victim is nauseated.
  • Seek immediate medical attention if there is no improvement, the victim is unable to take fluids, vomiting occurs, or any symptoms are severe.

Heat Stroke: 

Heat stroke is a life-threatening condition. The victim's temperature control system, which produces sweating to cool the body, stops working. The body temperature can rise so high that brain damage and death may result if the body is not cooled quickly. Symptoms include extremely high body temperature above 103°F, hot dry red skin, rapid strong pulse, headache, dizziness, nausea, confusion, and unconsciousness.

If these symptoms are observed:

  • Call 9-1-1 or emergency medical services, or get the victim to a hospital immediately. Delay can be fatal.
  • Until the emergency medical personnel arrive on scene or during transport to the hospital, move the person to a cooler location, cool by removing clothing, bath, sponging, applying a cold wet sheet.
  • Do not give the victim fluids to drink.

During Extreme Heat

  • Stay indoors as much as possible and limit exposure to the sun.
  • Drink plenty of fluids
  • Dress in loose-fitting, lightweight, and light-colored clothes that cover as much skin as possible.
  • Protect face and head by wearing a wide-brimmed hat.
  • Spend time in air-conditioned places. If you cannot afford an air conditioner, spend some time each day in an air-conditioned environment such as public libraries, shopping malls or other indoor public spaces.
  • Stay on the lowest floor, out of the sunshine if air conditioning is not available.
  • Check on family, friends, and neighbors who do not have air conditioning and who spend much of their time alone.
  • Never leave children or pets alone in closed vehicles.
  • Avoid strenuous work during the warmest part of the day. Use a buddy system when working in extreme heat, and take frequent breaks.
  • Eat well-balanced, light, and regular meals. 

This message is brought to you by the IUP Emergency Management Office.