Hany Zaky, doctoral candidate of Curriculum and Instruction, published a paper titled “Phenomenological and Humanistic Psychology: Formulating Adult Education Instructional System to Increase ESL Learners’ Autonomy” in the Journal of Psychology & Behavioral Science, January 2019.
The acquisition of new knowledge and developing work habits are the optimal targets in classrooms; however, forming socially accepted attitudes and developing empathy are extremely important to instill responsible members in societies. The adult education curriculum is not static due to the complexities of local, national, and international communities that demand curriculum designers and developers to have constant understanding of the cognitive theories and instruction formulations. Thence, curriculum development can lead to required changes, manipulating a collection of procedures to meet the socio-psychological changes in community. How we define the effective teacher’s sociocultural consciousness is a daunting question raised by researchers for a long time. Given the complexity of this question, additional educational research is needed to define the classroom pedagogical goal that enhances the well-adjusted individuals through the cogent learning progression. The thrust of this present article is to look at the dynamics of using the phenomenological and humanistic theories as prominent psychological lenses not only to guide the work of curriculum developers, but also to utilize proper instructions for productive ESL adult education classes.
Phenomenological and humanistic psychology, ESL learners, adult education, instructional system
Department of Professional Studies in Education