In an upcoming edition of Economics Bulletin, a recently accepted paper by Chris Jeffords and Alexi Thompson offers an empirical analysis of fatal crimes against environmental and land activists.
Their results demonstrate the presence of an inverted U-shaped relationship between fatal
crimes against environmental and land activists and income per capita for a group
of 34 countries from 2002-2013. Using panel data estimation techniques, the
results are robust to controlling for rule of law, control of corruption,
deforestation, homicide rates, and natural resource dependence.
The results provide
evidence of a relationship between economic growth and the safety of
environmental activists. At some point in a country’s economic development, environmental murders decrease with additional income, according to the results.
Furthermore, the results
offer support for the findings of the Fifth Assessment Report of Working Group
II of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, which imply that physical
security in the context of environmental disputes is likely an environmental
amenity which is increasingly in demand, especially as incomes grow.
results suggest that the background level of fatal crimes (excluding
environmental murders) is positively related to environmental murders, and the
relationship between increased forest cover and environmental murders can be
positive or negative.