The CDC urges U.S. residents to avoid nonessential travel to Sierra Leone, Guinea, and Liberia because of an unprecedented outbreak of Ebola. Travel alerts to Nigeria and Republic of Congo have also been issued by the CDC.
It is always recommended you visit the CDC Travel Notices website before any international travel to learn about all travel alerts.
Ebola virus disease (also known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever) is a rare and deadly disease. The disease is native to several African countries and is caused by infection with one of the Ebola viruses. It is spread by direct contact with a sick person’s blood or body fluids. It is also spread by contact with contaminated objects or infected animals, including raw meat.
Symptoms include fever greater than 101º F, headache, joint and muscle aches, sore throat, and weakness, followed by diarrhea, vomiting, and stomach pain. Skin rash, red eyes, and internal and external bleeding may be seen in some patients.
Since this virus requires contact with blood or bodily fluid, transmission is rare. The disease is transmitted when symptoms are present. Therefore, it is important to seek health care immediately if you develop symptoms after traveling to these areas or believe you may have been exposed to the Ebola virus.
If you have recently traveled in this area, pay attention to your health after you return.
IUP’s Center for Health and Well-Being continues to monitor this outbreak and will provide information as it becomes available.
For more information, visit the CDC or contact the Health Service at the IUP Center for Health and Well-Being at 724-357-2550.
CDC has also produced a two-page flyer that provides an excellent summary of the outbreak, transmission, and signs and symptoms.