Taylor Napoleon and Ben Ford recently published their research on Fort Haldimand in the Journal of the New York State Archaeological Association.
Napoleon, now a graduate student at Monmouth University and employee of the New Jersey State Historic Preservation Office, conducted an archaeological investigation of the lands outside of Fort Haldimand with Ford, Emily Falk, Scott Rivas, and Allysa Hyziak.
Photo: IUP Anthropology students excavating at Fort Haldimand, Carleton Island, New York. Taylor Napoleon is at right.
Fort Haldimand, located on Carleton Island, where the St. Lawrence River leaves Lake Ontario, was a major British shipping node and shipyard during the American Revolution. The fort and the ships that docked there allowed Britain to nearly exclude the Americans from Lake Ontario. It was also a rendezvous location for British and Native American soldiers and a way-station for refugees fleeing the colonies.
The research included a geophysical survey (gradiometry, ground penetrating radar, and electro-magnetic profiler) and archaeological excavations to investigate activities outside the fort, but relating to the 18th-century occupation of the island. The crew commuted by boat to the island each day. Important finds from this work included identifying portions of the fort defenses and a trash midden associated with the fort. Both the midden and defensive features included a mix of British and Native American artifacts, suggesting that the allies were actively interacting around the fort.
Photo above: Artifacts recovered during Carleton Island excavation, including clay pipe fragments (A), button (B), Brown Bess trigger (C), and creamware ceramics (D).
The Bulletin: The Journal of the New York State Archaeological Association publishes a wide variety of articles relating to New York archaeology. Napoleon and Ford’s article appears in the 2017–18 (number 131-132) Centennial Edition of the Bulletin.