University of Pennsylvania is one of nine schools of nursing chosen to
participate in a national research study about cardiopulmonary resuscitation
study, “Adaptive BLS Training: Optimizing Individual BLS Maintenance of
Competence Training,” will involve 800 nursing students.
in collaboration with the Air Force Research
Laboratory’s 711th Human Performance Wing, this study aims to
shift the one-size-fits-all approach to CPR
training to a competency-based individualized training and practice. The
site coordinator for IUP is Dr. Julia A. Greenawalt, a member of the Department
of Nursing and Allied Health. Up to 200 IUP students (who must be CPR
certified) are being sought to participate in the study.
is a great opportunity for IUP to be part of a national study, and can lead to
additional opportunities, as well as new grant-funded programs,” Greenawalt
participant in the study is randomly assigned to one of four different types of
CPR training: either for four consecutive days, once a week for four weeks,
once a month for four months, or once a quarter for four quarters.
will also receive a competency-based, individualized training and practice schedule using the Predictive Performance
Optimizer (PPO). Students’ retention of CPR skills will be assessed at
different intervals after their training. In the PPO group, the training
schedule is tailored based on individual needs. Training and reassessment
involves real time audio and visual feedback provided by a practice mannequin.
The testing results will assess both the effectiveness of
the training and the individual’s learning style, Greenawalt said. In fact, the
Air Force uses the PPO to predict the success of individuals who want to become
testing on the IUP campus will take place September 14 through October 2. Students
will continue the testing over the next two years.
organizers noted that in a hospital setting, nurses are often the first
responders to events that require CPR, so a nurse’s ability to perform high
quality CPR is vital to increasing the patient’s chance of survival. Yet nurses
in many clinical settings rarely use their CPR skills and may only practice them
at the time of Basic Life Support course completion—typically every one to two
years. Studies have documented that this limited practice is not enough to
maintain competence in CPR skills.
The study is conducted by Dr. Marilyn Oermann from
Duke University School of Nursing and is coordinated by Dr. Suzan
Kardong-Edgren, Robert Morris University. It is sponsored by the National
League for Nursing and Laerdal Medical.
INFORMATION: From left, nursing student Brooke Hoffman; IUP Provost Dr. Timothy
Moerland, IUP President Dr. Michael Driscoll and nursing student Kaleigh
Gilmer. In front, from left, are nursing student Kierra Guzzo; Dr. Julia
Greenawalt, member of the Department of Nursing and Allied Health, explaining
the Predictive Performance Optimizer, on loan to IUP for the study, and Dr.
Mary Williams, acting associate dean, College of Health and Human Services.