How to Cite Online Material from a Computer Network in APA

A computer network, such as the Internet, provides access to material such as journal articles, newsletters, and even entire books.

World Wide Web Site

Provide the following information:

  • author's name (if known)
  • date of publication or last revision (if known), in parentheses (year, month, day)
  • title of document
  • title of complete work (if applicable), in italics
  • the word “Retrieved” followed by the date you accessed the source (month, day, year)
  • the word “from” followed by the URL

Example

Harris, J. G. The return of the witch hunts. Witchhunt Information Page. Retrieved May 28, 1996, from <http://liquid2-sun.mit.edu/fells.short.html>.

An Article from a Database

Provide the following information:

  • cite as you would a normal periodical or book
  • the number of pages or paragraphs, followed by “p.” (or “pp.”) or “par.” (or “pars.”); if neither is specified, use “n. page.” for “no pagination.”
  • the word “Retrieved” followed by the date you accessed the source
  • the word “from” followed by the title of the database

Example

Borman, W. C., Hanson, M.A., Oppler, S. H., Pulakos, E. D., & White, L. A. (1993). Role of early supervisory experience in supervisor performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 78, 443-449. Retrieved October 23, 2000, from PsycARTICLES database.

The information written on this page has been excerpted from three handbooks of the IUP writing center:
Hacker, D.
A Writer's Reference. (2003). (5th ed.) Boston: St. Martin's.
Harnack, A. & Kleppinger, E. (1996).
Online! A reference guide to internet sources. New York: St. Martin's.
American Psychological Association. (2001).
Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. (5th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Updated January 28, 2005 by Renee Brown