How to Cite Online Material from a Computer Network in APA

  • A computer network, such as the Internet, provides access to material such as journal articles, newsletters, and even entire books.

    World Wide Web Site

    Provide the following information:

    • author’s name (if known)
    • date of publication or last revision (if known), in parentheses (year, month, day)
    • title of document
    • title of complete work (if applicable), in italics
    • the word “Retrieved” followed by the date you accessed the source (month, day, year)
    • the word “from” followed by the URL

    Example

    Harris, J. G. The return of the witch hunts. Witchhunt Information Page. Retrieved May 28, 1996, from <http://liquid2-sun.mit.edu/fells.short.html>.

    An Article from a Database

    Provide the following information:

    • cite as you would a normal periodical or book
    • the number of pages or paragraphs, followed by “p.” (or “pp.”) or “par.” (or “pars.”); if neither is specified, use “n. page.” for “no pagination.”
    • the word “Retrieved” followed by the date you accessed the source
    • the word “from” followed by the title of the database

    Example

    Borman, W. C., Hanson, M.A., Oppler, S. H., Pulakos, E. D., & White, L. A. (1993). Role of early supervisory experience in supervisor performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 78, 443-449. Retrieved October 23, 2000, from PsycARTICLES database.

    The information written on this page has been excerpted from three handbooks of the IUP writing center:
    Hacker, D.
    A Writer’s Reference. (2003). (5th ed.) Boston: St. Martin’s.
    Harnack, A. & Kleppinger, E. (1996).
    Online! A reference guide to internet sources. New York: St. Martin’s.
    American Psychological Association. (2001).
    Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. (5th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
    Updated January 28, 2005 by Renee Brown