Ralph E. Tarter, PhD, MPA, ABPP

Consumption of substances having addiction potential is well over 90% in the U.S. population. However, less than 20% will develop addiction at any time during life. Many factors besides substance use contribute to addiction spanning fetal development to old age. Consistent with the National Institute of Health Roadmap, this presentation explores the requirements for effective prevention taking into account interventions tailored to the individual's unique configuration of factors that amplify and attenuate risk throughout the lifespan.


  1. List at least three main risk factors for addiction manifest during the prenatal, childhood, adolescent, young adult, and mature adult stages.
  2. Describe at least one prevention intervention modality at each stage.
  3. Demonstrate at least one assessment tool appropriate for each stage.
Target Audience: Clinical personnel, counselors, psychiatrists, psychologists, educators. Intermediate level. CE credits offered = 1.5 contact hours