custody/parenting time cases include allegations of “parental alienation” or
“parental alienation syndrome” (PAS), a term coined by Richard Gardner, M.D.
that is unsubstantiated in the research literature (Fink, 2010). This discredited and debunked “syndrome” by
the American Psychological and American Psychiatric Associations, continues to
be used to remove children from custody/parenting time with their protective
parent (primarily mothers). The end
result is children are abuse emotionally, physically, and sexually by their
custodial parent (Stark, 2010). These
cases span decades in the family court as bias by judges, uninformed custody
evaluators (Saunders, et. al., 2011), and other court-related personnel
continue to put children in harm’s way with their abusive parent (Chesler,
2011). The protective parent does
everything possible to rescue the children from this situation while being
mistreated and misrepresented by the players in family court (Goldstein &
Hannah, 2010; Goldstein & Liu, 2013).
The outcome for these children is an adult life filled with
psychotherapy to overcome the trauma of their childhood (Perry, 2005; Shonkoff,
et.al., 2012), and the physical impacts that haunt them throughout their
lifetime (Felitti & Anda, 1998). The
trauma for the protective parent includes lifelong impacts as well (Rivera,
Sullivan, Cris, & Zeoli, 2012).