Human Trafficking

  • Human Trafficking BarcodeHuman trafficking is modern day slavery that includes: force, fraud, and or coercion.  It is used to obtain labor or a commercial sex act.  

    • Human trafficking generates $150 billion each year; McDonald’s only makes $30 billion each year.
    • It’s present in every US state.
    • Most victims are between 16–27 years old.
    • Most people estimate there are between 30–40 million victims worldwide.
  • Types of Human Trafficking

  • Labor Trafficking

    • Forced labor in:
      • Food/produce/farming
      • Construction
      • Domestic work
    • More common for imprisonment of men
    • Labor trafficking is the most common form of human trafficking

  • Sex Trafficking 

    • Forced sex slaves or prostitution
    • No consent or profit for individual
    • Accounts for almost 25 percent of all human trafficking
    • May also involve forced surrogacy or removal of the ovaries
    • Many end up arrested and charged for prostitution
  • How Does This Happen?

  • The Circumstances

    • Many are offered great job “opportunities” far from their homes with little information on who is offering the job.
    • People already in sex work may be captured or threatened into sexual slavery.
    • A family member/family friend or abusive partner may manipulate someone into sexual acts or labor for their profit.
  • How to Stay Safe

    • Be aware of mysterious opportunities that involve unknown strangers.
    • Don’t meet people from the internet without information about their identity and history.
    • Be aware of abusive tactics used by people close to you or dangerous favors they ask you to do.
  • Warning Signs of Human Trafficking

    • They are not in possession of their passports, identification, or legal documents.
    • They can be coerced into drug use by traffickers, or turn to substance abuse to help cope with their enslavement.
    • They may have a cell phone despite a lack of other basic belongings.
    • They may demonstrate affection towards their abuser. It is possible they have developed Stockholm Syndrome, where kidnapped victims, over time, become sympathetic to their captors.
    • They feel that they are unable to leave their current situation.
    • Victims are with a controlling person who speaks for them.
    • They don’t have their own vehicle.
    • They live and work at the same place.
    • Their pay is “withheld for safe keeping.” In many cases, the person is working to pay off a debt.
    • They recently arrived in the country and do not speak the language, or they only know sex-related or labor-related words.
    • They may be fearful, depressed, and overly submissive.
    • They’re scared to talk to authorities, since they’re closely monitored.
    • They may have signs of abuse, and may show signs of being denied food, water, sleep, and/or medical care.
  • Human Trafficking Power and Control Wheel

    Human Trafficking Power and Control Wheel