An intensive study of the gross anatomical structures and their functions within the human body. The course explores the organization and integration of the human body on a region by region basis. For each region of the body, students will observe all structures within that region simultaneously. This approach allows students to appreciate the integration of different biological systems within the body. Laboratory sessions will center on regional cadaver dissection by groups of students to appreciate 3-dimensional anatomical relationships. Prerequisite: Graduate student status or permission of instructor; not open to students who have successfully completed BIOL 150.
Introduces students to the cellular and molecular mechanisms by which individual cells grow, receive and respond to internal and external signals, and move. The course will discuss the latest advances in the discipline, and the students will be expected to utilize the current literature on their own as a means of building critical thinking skills. The student-centered laboratory portion of the course will emphasize individual and group activities. Prerequisites: BIOL 111, CHEM 231, or permission of the instructor.
A comprehensive survey of the classes of Amphibia and Reptilia, including their classification, structure, origin, evolution, phylogenetic relationships, distribution, and natural history. Special emphasis is placed on the herpetofauna of Pennsylvania.
During the summer session, various field courses are offered through the Pymatuning Laboratory of Ecology. The offerings will vary depending on the summer. Some of the possible offerings include Experimental Design, Fish Ecology, Behavioral Ecology, Aquatic Botany, and Ecological Genetics. Information regarding specific offerings is available from the Biology Department in spring.
Physiological processes occurring in plants are considered in relation to growth, development, and ecology of plants.
The biological study of animal behavior. Topics include the mechanisms, development, ecology, and evolution of behavior. Prerequisite: BIOL 220 or permission of the instructor.
A study of the impact of chemical pollutants and other stresses on nonhuman biological systems from the subcellular to ecosystem levels. An ecological risk assessment will be conducted in the field and laboratory settings. Prerequisites: One year Biology, one year Chemistry.
Study of the health consequences of involuntary exposure to harmful chemical and biological agents in the general environment. Disease etiology, occurrence, and intervention in human populations will be examined through epidemiologic study using analytical methods and applications. Prerequisites: MATH 216 or 217; BIOL 104 or 112; or permission of the instructor.
An investigation into the physical, chemical, and biological aspects of inland waters and their interrelationships. Saturday or Sunday labs may be required. Prerequisite: Ecology.
Study of anatomy and function of immune system, physical and chemical properties of antigens and antibodies, nature of antigen-antibody interactions, humoral and cell-mediated immune responses, and immunopathology. Prerequisites: Biochemistry and Microbiology.
Topics include structure, classification, assay, and transmission of animal, bacterial, and plant viruses; methods used in the study of viruses; viral replication, gene expression, and gene regulation; host-viral interactions and subviral pathogens.
A field course that examines the taxonomy, morphology, and ecology of the tree species in the eastern portion of North America. The forests of Pennsylvania will be emphasized in the course.
A comprehensive survey of morphological and habitat characteristics of seedless vascular plants (generally ferns and their allies) of Pennsylvania and the surrounding states. Prerequisite: BIOL 210.
Various specialized field courses instructed by biologists from IUP. In this course, students will explore the rich diversity and ecology of the flora and fauna that inhabit specialized regions of Pennsylvania, the United States, or other countries. Special emphasis will be placed on the ecology, behavior, and natural history of organisms in their natural surroundings. Students should be prepared to meet travel and living expenses. May be taken more than once for credit and grade if content of course is different.
An in-depth survey of the emerging herbaceous spring flora in the northeastern portion of North America (with emphasis on the herbaceous plants of Pennsylvania). Classes will focus on readings of current research in botanical and scientific journals conveyed through student led discussions. Field identification of representative individuals by common and generic names is also covered.
Prerequisite: BIOL 210 or permission of instructor
General discussion of mammals, emphasizing systematics, distribution, and structure-function modifications related to their evolution. A paper is required.
The parasitic protozoa, flatworms and roundworms. Major emphasis is on species infesting man and includes their structure, physiology, ecology, life cycles, and pathogenicity. Arthropods involved in parasite transmission included. Prerequisites: One year Biology, Vertebrate and Invertebrate Zoology.
Presents the underlying mechanisms through which the nervous system mediates behavior, from the molecular to the organismal level. Emphasizes two major themes: 1) the roles of synapses and neuronal excitability in shaping the input/output functions of neurons and neuronal networks, and 2) the role of neuronal development and neuronal experience upon resultant neuronal organization. Prerequisite: BIOL 111 or 105 or 151; or PSYC 350; or permission of instructor.
The choice and application of standard, efficient, practical, and appropriate statistical techniques for data analyses in common biological situations. Computer instruction emphasizes the practical application of statistical techniques using statistical packages on microcomputers and the IUP mainframe computer. Lecture and computer instruction will be combined in four class hours per week.
Introduction to advanced techniques and procedures used in biological research. Topics vary. Prerequisite: Permission.
Develops essential skills for the professional biologist, including public presentation of biological information and the ability to critique biological data and ideas.
Develops essential skills for the professional biologist, including writing of research proposals and presentation of seminars. Prerequisite: BIOL 611.
Study of classification system and its application to identification of animals. Basic principles of taxonomy rules of nomenclature, a synoptic history of classification, and the “old” and “new” taxonomy rules will be included. A taxonomic field study is required.
A detailed study of bird populations, behavior, and movement, including the annual cycle. Prerequisite: Ability to identify local birds visually and by their songs.
Factors that influence and control the differentiation of organs, tissues, and cells. Emphasis placed on experimental procedures and methods. Prerequisites: Embryology or Comparative Anatomy, Organic Chemistry, and Genetics.
Insect morphology, including external and internal organization of different species of insects. Comparisons between species included. An independent research study and seminar presentation required.
Nature and distribution of vegetation in relation to environmental factors. Field investigations of local plant communities constitute bulk of lab work. Prerequisites: Field Botany, Plant Taxonomy, or general knowledge of local flora.
Effect of environmental factors on animals; animals as members of communities, their trophic relationships, their ecological distribution and population dynamics; and aspects of animal behavior. A field or lab problem is required.
The ecology of animal and plant populations, including the study of life tables and demography, population growth and regulation, and the evolution of life history traits. Community ecology considers the interactions among populations such as competition, predation, and mutualism and how such interactions control the composition of a community. Prerequisite: Introductory course in ecology or permission of instructor.
A consideration of the behavioral activities of animals in their natural habitats. Evolutionary and ecological implications of behavior will be stressed. Topics include natural history strategies, resource partitioning, reproduction strategies, sexual selection, cooperation, conflict, and social organization.
Introduces students to history, theory, literature, sources, and interpretation of plant systematic data and to methods of plant collection and identification.
A consideration of physiological responses of animals to environmental variables with emphasis on the evolutionary aspects of the response. The physiology of invertebrates and vertebrates in aquatic and terrestrial environments will be considered. Prerequisite: A course in physiology or permission of the instructor.
Digestion and molecular transport of nutrients, gaseous exchanges, excretion, muscular activity and control, and endocrine and neural elements. Prerequisite: Animal Biology.
Study of organization and chemical structure of genes in relation to molecular function and evolution. Emphasis will be placed on the genetic systems of eukaryotes and their viruses. Prerequisites: Genetics, Organic Chemistry, and Biochemistry or permission of the instructor.
Study of disease caused by microorganisms with emphasis on human pathogens. Both epidemiology and aspects of host-parasite relationships. Lab stresses methods of isolation and identification of pathogens. Prerequisite: Microbiology.
Advanced topics in biology. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.
Individual or small group instruction, by tutorial and intensive literature survey, in a particular area not covered by a student’s course work or thesis research. By arrangement with instructor and approval of graduate director. Maximum of six hours to be used toward the degree.
NOTE: Summer courses offered at the Pymatuning Laboratory of Ecology may be taken for biology elective credit.
* Indicates dual-listed class