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Therapy Styles

Browse at your leisure. Each site listed is identified by name and includes a brief review by a student. This page will be updated often.

Witchel Web is the website of two professionals who offer their services to clients. It begins with a brief introduction to the two professionals: Bob is a psychologist and Debbie is an LPC. Combined, they have been serving the mental health community for over fifty years. Bob has been in Pennsylvania, while Debbie started out in New Hampshire (she practiced there for about fifteen years) and moved to Pennsylvania. Their target audience runs the spectrum, and their range of experience runs the gamut. They offer age-appropriate forms of therapy (i.e., play therapy for children is listed) as well as consultation services to other professionals. Their approach to therapy is not to just address the symptoms, but also to address the underlying issues that cause the symptoms. The website makes an underlined, bolded point to show clients that a strong emphasis on medication will not be found here. Their approach to counseling emphasizes the uniqueness and strength of the client, while choosing to value assets over bemoaning hindrances. The resource websites were helpful and, for those who are less knowledgeable, provided explanations for some of the more curious points (i.e., “orthomolecular”). +Lindsay+

Vanati is a healing energy school for evolution in consciousness and healing. The mission of this school is to support Soul Connection and Spiritual Evolution. Their energy healers’ are Pauline Dishler, CRNA, M.Ed., and Deb Schnitta, R.N. Deb Schnitta is the pioneer of Cellular Expansion and Healing (CE). CE is a form of hands-on energy work. The website has a lengthy explanation of this healing modality. Basically, I understood it as using transformative energy at the cellular level to remove illness or constrictions, thus restoring balance. The act of CE accelerates one’s spiritual development and strengthens the connection to your soul. Classes for CE are held at the Nuin Center in Highland Park Area. Private instruction is available at the red brick house located on the grounds of the Nuin Center. The website had registration information and tuition prices. I have always had a strong interest in energy medicine. I am fascinated by the use of life energy flowing through interconnected channels of the mind, body, and soul to restore balance. The website offered testimonials and case studies from individuals who have benefitted from CE. +Stacy+

E-Psychotherapists is the website for Confidential Web Therapy. This is a website where a therapist counsels a client via a webcam. It specializes in anxiety disorders, but does not limit the type of counseling. I feel that this could be a very useful tool for someone who is agoraphobic, because everything from signing the informed consent to scheduling is done on the computer. +Hayley+

Dialectical Behavioral Therapy Self Help (DBT) is a type of treatment that combines cognitive and behavioral therapy. There are four modules in DBT group training: Core Mindfulness, Interpersonal Effectiveness Skills, Emotion Modulation Skills, and Distress Tolerance. This type of therapy is used in group settings for those diagnosed with a variety of mental health illnesses. For example, I work at a psychiatric hospital with adults and adolescents that have eating disorders. I facilitate hour-long group therapy sessions using DBT. Our treatment program focuses on two of the four modules, Core Mindfulness and Distress Tolerance. I use to obtain group discussion topics and activities. This site was actually created by participants who graduated from DBT groups. I have found this site user-friendly and extremely helpful. +Channing+

Balanced Heart Healing Center website offers spiritually-centered holistic care. BHHC practices integrative wellness care. Some services include spiritually-centered cognitive-behavioral treatment, health coaching, nutritional education, and Reiki treatments. Dr. Katie McCorkle is the founder and CEO of BHHC as well as a practicing psychologist. She is the creator of the 10 Principles, an integrated program for psychological and spiritual growth. In reviewing the website, I am unsure of the type of spiritual component. The website mentions the term “God,” but loosely states that Dr. McCorkle serves on national and local boards/committees for her faith community. At Balanced Heart Healing Center, clients are accepted regardless of insurance status, ability to pay, or current health status. The website states people of all races, dis/ability status, gender, national origin, and spiritual or sexual orientation are welcome. They are currently having a “Gift of Healthcare Campaign” (Fall 2010) to raise funding to secure a permanent clinic site and expand to primary medical care and dental services. This website speaks of the mission or dream of “living love” for oneself, their community, and our planet. I personally think that is a meaningful mission for any counselor (or human being) to be involved with. +Stacy+

(Article) Encouragement as a Vehicle to Empowerment in Counseling; an Existential Perspective — This is an article that discusses encouraging a client through their issues by focusing on empowering them and helping they realize their abilities in having a choice. It emphasizes one’s free will in a positive sense of encouraging them to choose the life they want, using one’s empowerment to overcome, make choices, and take responsibility and accountability for their life. This site is beneficial for anyone who has an interest in existential therapy, or who may not be aware of it and would like to learn more. +Dyan+

Trauma Focused CBT is a website that offers a free web-based learning course about childhood trauma and how to treat it with cognitive behavior therapy. The website includes a registration page to obtain a certificate following the training. There are training modules that include psycho-education, stress management affective expression and modulation, cognitive coping, creating the trauma narrative, cognitive process, behavior management training, parent-child sessions, and evaluation. These topics have pre-testing and post-testing following the review of the information via video and/or transcripts. The website met the criterion of authority, accuracy, and objectivity. The webpage has a copyright dated 2005. It has clear grammar, spelling, and other conveying information. The website is easy to use and navigate. The site included the psychologists who were responsible for organizing and gathering the information used in the trainings. It included the pictures, names, credentials, and contact information. The page is sponsored by local and national sponsors, such as the National Child Traumatic Stress Network, Allegheny General Hospital, and Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC). +Aysia+

Play Therapy is sponsored by The Family Enhancement and Play Therapy Center. This site is dedicated to play therapy for both counselors and clients. This is an intriguing site with lots of different topics related to play therapy. There are several areas of the website for professionals that touch on play therapy ideas, play dough recipes, and personal storytelling. There is information on play therapy workshops for therapists, and on continuing education courses as well. They have an online store where parents and therapists can buy DVD’s, manuals, and play therapy books. They have a large portion of the website dedicated to parents. They provide a detailed explanation of what play therapy is and how it is therapeutic for the child. They go on to describe exactly what happens in play therapy and describe the process. This site also has articles about helping children through traumatic events. I think play therapy is an interesting counseling approach and this site provides in-depth information about play therapy. {Kelly}

Imago Relationships shares information about Imago therapy as well as workshops and therapy for couples and individuals. Imago therapy is based on the book “Getting the Love You Want” by Harville Hendrix, Ph.D. Hendrix co-founded Imago Relationships International with his partner; Helen LaKelly Hunt, Ph.D. Imago Therapy is based on psychological theories and practical observations on the experience of love. The belief is that even though we become frustrated with our partner because of the lack of similarities we see in each other, the differences are what actually attracted us to that person in the first place. This website shows a demonstration of Imago Therapy in which partners learn to communicate in a respectful, loving way so that partners feel heard, supported, and connected. I read this book many years ago and really learned a lot about why people choose their partners. Harville Hendrix says that people often choose partners who have similar qualities as their parents. These qualities con be both positive and negative. His theory is that these qualities are familiar to us and provide a sense of comfort. {Maria}

NACBT is an organization devoted to supporting, promoting, teaching, and developing cognitive-behavioral therapy. Cognitive-behavioral therapy helps people make emotional and behavioral changes. The website offers on online bookstore, a search engine for clients to find NAVBT Certified Therapists, and information for either mental health professionals or the general public. {Samantha}

(Article) Reception and Integration Counseling Guidance outlines the reception and integration counseling approach as it relates to soldiers. It reviews how this counseling technique can be used and be beneficial when working with people in the military. The reason Mark Gerecht, author, thinks that this is beneficial is because it develops the “soldier’s initial impression of the unit and its leadership” (Gerecht, 2009). I selected this article because of the structure of our society; I anticipate that counselors will see an increase in clients who were/are in the military. It may not be the strongest article but I feel that it gives an example of one approach that will most likely be used on military bases and which can help the counselor choose a technique that complements this one. {Heather}

Existential Therapy gives an overview of the theory of Existential Counseling and has resources for those seeking therapy. This site also contains information on the Humanistic Approach, along with videos, books, training information, and Podcasts on the topic. There is some history and talk of important figures who helped to build and maintain this approach, like Rollo May and Irvin Yalom. This is a great site for all people whether looking for a type of therapy for you or as a novice counselor. {Katelyn}

National Integrated Health Associates shares information about Orthomolecular Therapy. “Ortho” means straightening out. This therapy involves correcting the molecules so that toxic substances are removed and nutritional deficiencies are replenished. The nutritional substances help to restore neurotransmitter deficiencies. Laboratory testing identifies specific toxins and nutritional deficiencies that interfere with balanced brain function. The therapist sees patients who suffer from allergies, ADD/ADHD, Chronic Fatigue/Fibromyalgia, etc. The clinic offers Hormone Therapy, Acupuncture, Reflexology, Energy Balancing, etc. The therapy involves a combination of traditional treatments and alternative treatments. Initial assessment fees can be somewhat expensive and health insurances usually don’t cover alternative medicine fees, but it would be money well spent to get a thorough health assessment. National Integrated Health Associates is located in Washington DC. {Maria} defines and describes Orthomolecular Medicine, which “aims to restore the optimum ecological environment for the body’s cells by correcting imbalances or deficiencies on the molecular level, based on individual biochemistry, using natural substances such as vitamins, minerals, amino acids, enzymes, hormones and essential fatty acids.” Disorders such as schizophrenia have been successfully treated using the orthomolecular approach, thus sparing patients from the side effects of traditional medications. The site provides links to scholarly essays and other websites that are helpful to patients and practitioners alike. "Nancy"

This website is a remembrance of the work of Harvey Jackins, founder and theorist of Re-evaluation Counseling. Re-evaluation Counseling is a process of trying to free people from past distress they have experienced and allow them to release their emotions so they can become fully functioning again. This type of counseling is practiced in pairs, as people take turns listening to each other. The person in the counselor role listens, encourages, and allows the other person to release emotional discharge while the person in the client role talks about effects of past distressful experiences, discharges their emotions, and re-evaluates how they feel. Then the counselor and client switch roles. Examples given on the site of emotional discharge included crying, trembling, and laughing. I had never heard of this type of counseling technique before and found this website interesting, informative, and easy to understand. - Melissa

This website is produced by Bill O'Hanlon. He is the developer of Solution-Oriented Therapy and founder of Possibility and Inclusive Therapies. His website includes a brief autobiography about his life including working for Milt on Erikson as his gardener. The part that I liked was the explanation of Possibility Therapy. Also, he includes a solution based bibliography that includes about 80 books and/or articles. This is a great list for anyone interested in wanting to know more about solution based therapy. I am a resource junkie, so this was great for me. *Terry*

Essentially, this website is an advertisement for Holosync audio technology. This is a "mind development tool" that will reportedly change one's life. What this product reportedly does, is create a state of deep meditation, and gives you the benefits of long-term, deep meditation, but much more quickly. It is to boost your intelligence, and creativity, dramatically lower stress - raises your threshold for what you can handle coming at you from the world, create new levels of self awareness and inner peace, and heal unresolved emotional issues at the deepest level, including anxiety, depression, anger, substance abuse, fear, and many other" dysfunctional feelings." The product also guaranteed that it would reverse one's aging process by 20 years. This product guarantees all of these results solely by listening to a CD. Also, all of this is guaranteed, or your money back. Overall, this was a rather scary article for clients to see, but it is good for counselors, and other mental health professions to see what is being offered to people under the guise that it would change so much about one's life. *Megan*

This is a different type of Holistic website. It features conventional, alternative, integrative and mind-body medicine. It includes topics on anxiety, different types of depression, eating disorders, PTSD and much more. It will explain the topic and go into the different ways of treating it through different approaches to medicine. It offers a great alternative to Western medicine- we do not always need to pop a pill every time we are not well. *Terry*

This fascinating and beautiful site is about the experiential journey of outdoor therapy. This approach is holistic and innovative to help substance abuse, anxiety, depression, relationship problems and self-esteem issues. There are onsite therapists and guides that take the groups on hikes, climbs and conduct group sessions. Testing is available even though they live primitively onsite and take part in sweat lodges. *Jessie*

The Catherine Freer Wilderness Therapy Expedition is an adolescent treatment program that combines residential therapy with 21 and 51-day wilderness expeditions. The program consists of a small group of kids, staff and a therapist who all share in a challenging outdoor journey and an intense therapeutic process. The counseling aspect of the program focuses on current issues: resolving conflicts, resolving frustrations, fears, anger and inadequacies. This is done through journal writing as well as individual sessions. Groups are also part of the program that focus on substance abuse, anger management, grief and loss as well as family dynamics. The website provides detailed descriptions of the wilderness treks, counseling approaches and family involvement. It was interesting to ready the section of why wilderness therapy is effective when dealing with adolescents. Nature holds young people accountable for the choices they make which is a key factor in dealing with the clients I have on my current caseload. It was also of particular interest to me to explore this website as I recently had a client who participated in a 21-day wilderness trek. At the time I had never heard of the program, so having the opportunity to research it helped me to understand some of the treatment the client was receiving. This particular client had strong issues involving substance abuse and since returning from the program has had almost 2 months clean and sober. *Katja*

I stumbled onto the website at some point (don’t ask me how!) and after taking the time to read it found it actually quite interesting! This website is run by the Association for the Study of Dreams, a non-profit, international, multidisciplinary organization dedicated to the investigation of dreams and dreaming. Being new to the concept of dream therapy, I took the time to really look at all the site has to offer. There were a host of different topics on the site from information regarding several upcoming dream conferences to membership information, online chats and excerpts from different dream magazines and journals. I followed a link to the journal of dreaming and explored several abstracts from volume #13 from June 2003. In particular, I read the abstract entitled “Working with Dreams in Psychotherapy: The Therapists’ Perspective.” This was interesting in that I didn’t realize such a large number of therapists incorporated dreams into psychotherapy sessions. Dream experiences can be life changing, directive or revelatory. Working with a dream therapist can help you gain insight into the messages contained within your dreams and use those insights to find solutions to problems you may be experiencing. Unfortunately, I don’t know enough about this type of therapy to know if it is considered valid or “hokey,” but I did find the website educational and definitely an eye opener to an area of therapy I would have never considered. *Katja*

Animal-assisted therapy is of great personal interest to me and after searching through many different websites I came across this one which I believe offers a nice summary of the theory behind pet therapy. Pet therapy is something that is using in hospitals as well as convalescent homes, day care centers, and prisons. This website gives an overview of the types of animals that might make appropriate therapy animals and the personality traits they must possess. It also provides insight from several professionals that participate in pet therapy sessions on the experience their clients have when interacting with a therapy animal. Examples of ways therapy animals have helped people with both social and physical conditions are also provided. Three stories are shared illustrating the incredible abilities of pets. Reference sources are given as well as links to other animal proactive educational forums. *Katja Smithley*

This website also explores the concept of wilderness therapy for adolescents. It was interesting to compare and contrast this website to the Catherine Freer Wilderness Therapy Expedition one. This website offers an introduction to the mission of the program and gives an overview of the type of teenager the program is ideal for. The program addresses issues of substance abuse, anger management, depression, defiant behavior and poor family relationships. If you follow the link to therapy curriculum, this program seems to be unique in they believe in “rites of passage” that focus on concepts each youth must master before moving on in the program. Themes include family & social pressures, independence, values & beliefs and student’s past history. The idea is that as each youth progresses through the passages and masters each wilderness skill; they lessen their dependence on their gear and the rest of the group. Contact information as well as admission information is also provided within the site. *Katja*

I discovered Whole Health Resources while searching for a yoga teacher in the Pittsburgh area that taught relaxation techniques and breathing exercises for stress management. Information regarding local yoga classes, location and registration is available online. This site is a useful resource for both client and counselor looking to use yoga stretching, breathing and progressive relaxation as a treatment modality. *Leanna*

This is a site that exposes the negative sides of ECT. I have always been a firm believer that ECT is not the answer and that it is cruel and inhumane. This site provides statistics regarding death rates, success rates, and brain damage and memory loss. It also includes testimonials from ECT survivors; news articles related to deaths due to ECT, and FDA reports regarding different instances of ECT treatments. The site also includes links to notable articles supporting the site’s cause. This site does an excellent job of presenting information supporting the anti ECT stance. However, I found some of the statistics to be dated, and I felt that the site should have included more information on the general procedures that are used during an ECT treatment. Another noteworthy site on ECTprovides more rudimentary information for those who are not so familiar with ECT, as well as a downloadable pamphlet that gives facts about why ECT should be banned. I encourage everyone to look into these two sites, and into the practices of ECT, for ECT is still being used, in our very own city, to people who come out forgetting the lives that they had before ECT. I believe that it is a therapist’s duty to inform a client of the risks and damage that ECT will cause. These two sites should provide a good start for a counselor to understand ECT. *Valerie*

This site is about music therapy and how it can help people with all forms of illness, including mental illnesses. The site is maintained by the American Music Therapy Association, and information is given about this group, such as their purpose, tips on how to become a certified music therapist, publications put out by the association, and conferences that are held on the topic of music therapy. A frequently asked question section provides information on what music therapy actually is, when and where it can be used, history, research, and misconceptions about music therapy, and the benefits of music therapy. It later gives information on why music therapy can be used, what a music therapist actually does, and what a music therapy session is like. This site addresses diversity, because it offers information relating to different groups of people and how music therapy can work for them. This site is useful to anyone in the therapy field, because it gives information on the practice as well as gives references on how to find a therapist. I feel that it is very important for a therapist to know and inform clients of different therapy practices, and this serves as a good option. It also is useful for people who are looking for therapy for themselves or their families, who may not be open to traditional therapy, or who may not have found the success that they were looking for in traditional therapy. The site also provides a section for those who are looking into a career in music therapy, and where they may obtain the necessary credentials. *Valerie*

(2) This website was very interesting. It begins by giving you a historical overview of the field. It also explains the biomedical theory. The next section was FAQ's where commonly asked questions were answered. This was very informative. Also available was a section detailing the variety of settings where music therapy is applied. I found the Music Therapy Assisted Childbirth section of some interest due to my current job. This site was helpful if you are looking into music therapy as a profession, because it offered links to colleges that offer this program, internships, and general information on Board Certified Music Therapy. It also made available a listing of products and services, such as books and music that could be purchased. ~Erin~

The "To Do" Institute gives information on the Japanese forms of therapy known as Morita therapy, and Naikan. Each is compared to western forms of therapy. Morita therapy is about the "naturalness of feelings" also known as Arugamama. It states that in western therapy, people are too focused on how they feel, good or bad, and therapists help people work through their feelings. Morita therapy focuses on accepting the feelings that you have as part of life and instead focusing on doing things to improve your life, rather than worrying about your symptoms. It states that in western therapy, people focus too much on their feelings, which makes them feel worse. Morita therapy encourages a person to be proactive and do things to make their lives better, accepting the feelings that they have, and in turn they will feel better about themselves. Naikan is a structured practice of self-reflection focused mainly on relations with others, and deals with three primary questions; what did I receive from others? What did others receive from me? And what problems did I cause others, or did others cause me? Other therapies such as Meaningful Life therapy and Constructive Living therapy are addressed as well. The site also includes articles about different situations that people can get into where Japanese therapy can help. The articles give steps to overcoming these obstacles that are rooted in Japanese therapy. Additionally, the site includes a listing of books on related topics, upcoming events that focus on Japanese therapy, and information about the To Do Institute where these techniques are practiced and taught. I found this website to be very informative and interesting because it provides different approaches to counseling. *Valerie*

This is the site to access for information about Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing therapy. I found this fascinating as I did not know about this type of therapy previously. This is definitely a site for professionals to access. It has information about training, workshops, references, studies, etc. EMDR allows the brain to heal at the same rate as the body following traumatic events. I would recommend this site for someone unfamiliar with this therapy. ~Diane~

Brief Therapy , Brief Counseling, and Intermittent Counseling is the topic of Frank Eliezer Gunzburg, Ph.D website. This website would be helpful for perspective clients looking for a way to explore a counselor's techniques, beliefs, or focuses. Dr. Gunzburg’s counsels using brief therapy. His website is set up so that you can explore him as a person and a counselor. He speaks about his Holistic Attitude, Active Listening skills, Active Therapeutic Style, and his standards. He also offers a place for comments, questions, and contact information within the site. ~Sherri~

The Transpersonal Sandplay Therapy Center site deals with sandplay and the role it has in therapy, especially with children. It gives a brief review of the history of this therapy, and discusses the history of its founder, Dr. Margaret Owenfeld. There are links for things like articles on this type of therapy and places where classes are offered, and the corresponding phone numbers and addresses. ~Vincent~

This site, " The International Society for Sandplay Therapy and Sandplay Therapists of America," was informative and explanatory. It contained easy to use buttons to access training options, journals, a forum for questions, recent articles, a bibliography, and how to become a member. After seeing sandplay at work in a video at a Play Therapy workshop, the deep emotions (and unconscious) reached by this kind of therapy seems exciting and makes me want to know more about it. This site is a good start. ~Katherine~

Adventure Based Counseling is a form of therapy that takes place outdoors. The clients participate in such activities as rope courses and rock climbing. The focus is on making metaphors that can be related to life. Through these concrete experiences clients learn life skills such as, cooperation, trusting others, communication and problem solving. The program lasts for three to six months. These basic skills are necessary in order to be successful in life and relationships. This therapeutic program teaches social skills through hands on activities. I feel that hands on experiences have the potential to last with clients throughout life.

This website of wellness is about Aquatic Therapy. It is hosted by Richard Book and Shantam who are both WABA (Worldwide Aquatic Bodywork Association) certified Aquatic Bodywork Therapists and Instructors. They practice and teach the liquid body form known as WATSU(a form of aquatic therapy which quiets the mind, relaxes the body, and opens the heart as well as WATERDANCE (form of hydrotherapy) in body temperature warm water. The website consists of course descriptions,links to other sites, history of Watsu, etc. I liked the emphasis they put on the importance of the therapist meeting the needs of the client with intensive focus on bringing together the elements of the Presence of Being(self awareness), communication skills, and establishing rapport that creates a deepening within a person. ~Nicholle~

Having volunteered my dog and my time in an Animal Assisted Therapy program when I lived in New York, I know first-hand the benefits of using animals to promote health, improve motor and socialization skills and decrease anxiety/depression of institutionalized populations. Delta Society is the leading organization for standardizing Animal Assisted Therapy by funding research, creating educational materials, providing administrative guidance and instruction to animal therapy programs. This website explains their mission and accomplishments but also contains numerous abstracts about the health benefits of using animals as a therapeutic intervention in healthcare and human services. The bibliography contained in this website is also extremely interesting and helpful to anyone wanting more information on the topic. ~Karen~

This is an online, independent magazine devoted to hypnogenesis, which is "The induction of an hypnotic state." It has articles about various concerns dealing with this form of therapy (hypnotherapy) and explanations about how it an be used. The aim seems to be to debunk television myths about hypnosis, and explain how the "magic" of the mind can be used to hasten therapeutic results. Hypnosis can be a useful technique, especially when counseling and healing work together in a more holistic way. An interesting site for those wondering about hypnosis and hypnotherapy. ~Katherine~

A website about horticultural therapy. This website describes horticultural therapy as a therapy that could benefit people of all ages with both mental and physical functioning. It also talks about how it can develop social, educational, psychological, and physical adjustment which can nurture the mind, body and spirit. You can find out about trainings on how to use Horticultural therapy and how you can join the organization. ~Jodi~

This is a website for the dog lovers. It is about Animal Assisted Therapy and how it can be used to benefit clients. There are animal assisted service links from this site. It gives you information on resources and there are some very inspiring articles about how Animal Assisted therapy has been used to help juveniles to seniors. These articles tell you why Animal Assisted Therapy has worked in many difficult situations. ~Jodi~

The main topic of this website is shame and it's role in the group therapy process. It discusses ways to recognize that a client is feeling shame and techniques to work through that emotion. It also covers how a group therapy setting can be an effective instrument for modifying problems of shame. Lastly, the site also explores what counselors can expect as a successful outcome in the treatment of shame disorders. This website is definitely counselor oriented, especially those who work in group counseling settings.

This site presents a comprehensive overview of history, principles and methods of therapeutic technique known as Motivational Interviewing. MI is a directive, client-centered counseling style for eliciting behavior changes by helping clients to explore and resolve ambivalent feelings. This style of counseling is most helpful for initiating and maintaining changes in addictive behaviors. This style of therapeutic communication was first introduced by William Miller in 1983 and later formalized as a treatment modality by Miller and his colleague Stephen Rollnick in 1991. This website offers a full library of abstracts, articles, links and training information for professionals. Interesting technique!

This website, which was written by John Suler, PhD from Rider University, operates under the philosophy that dreams are something to explore. This website assists an individual to “work and play with your dreams.” Interesting information for “patiently playing with” your dreams include: free association, free writing, mental images, dialogues, dream enactment, day residue, dream intangibles, connections among dreams, and more. This site also offers additional information and interesting websites to explore dream analysis.

The American Art Therapy Association home page is devoted to informing art therapists about legislation which could possibly have an affect of the practice of art therapy. It also provides membership information regarding the American Art Therapy Association. The site includes links related to art therapy in other countries such as Denmark, Canada and Australia.

Solution Focused Therapy for Child Welfare: The purpose of the site is to provide readers with information regarding Solution Focused Therapy (SFT) and its application in regards to child abuse prevention and treatment, as well as evaluation and research related to the above. The site appears to be a good place to send therapists who would like to know what SFT is as there is material on the philosophy and the techniques of SFT. It also gives a nice explanation of how SFT works; how the focus is on client strengths rather than weaknesses, and the implications of how the emphasis on solutions being client driven rather than therapist driven appear to relate to increased client self esteem. The site also discusses how SFT has been effectively applied in addictions counseling, marriage and family counseling, pastoral counseling, mediation and with groups. (John)

Therapy Open Door Online counseling - offers telephone and email counseling. This website has categories in personal development, personal coaching, parenting, and parenting news. Along with seminars that are offered to train and teach other professionals. (V)

If you are buried in debt and smothered in bills then Consumer Debt Counseling is the website for you. Offers links to: steps to debt reduction, debt worksheet, budget allocation charts, and solutions to your debt. Before you consolidate your bills or file for bankruptcy link onto this site. (V)

This site is one of my favorites because it is set up for use of professionals, students, families and patients. The site is based off of Dr, Marsha Linehan’s work with behavior research and therapy concerning individuals with severe personality disorders. The site gives an explanation to DBT and a brief overview of the work that had gone into the this form of therapy, but more importantly, it offers training and immediate links to support groups online for patients dealing with SI or SIB urges. I personally enjoy this site because I’ve used it with clients with Borderline Personality Disorder and have gotten good responses. On the site, there is a section for people feeling actively suicidal. If you click on it, and scroll down, it gives you a list of options of what to do if you’re feeling suicidal. Each box, when clicked on is an individual site that reaches out to provide support, suggests and guidance. (Megan)

I found this Ask the-Therapist website to be very interesting. You can get online, choose the therapist of your choice, and choose the area you would like to receive counseling in. There are many different areas that the counselors work in, from couples counseling to spiritual counseling. Their list is endless. How effective online counseling is? Hmmm, that is the question. (Amy)

About Psychotherapy, authored by a clinical psychologist, provides information related to psychotherapy. The approach of the website is to answer questions about the process, such as “Why go to therapy?’; “What are different approaches used in therapy?”; and “How do I choose a therapist that’s right for me?” Other topics explored include: psychological testing, medication, group therapy, and hypnosis. The site advocates being as informed as possible about pursuing therapy, and gathering as much information as possible about the process, options, and any potential therapists an individual is considering working with. It’s a good resource for someone who has never before considered therapy and is not sure how to go about deciding if he/she could benefit and how to find a therapist. (Linda)

The United States Association for Body Psychotherapy is the site of the national non-profit association “dedicated to developing and advancing the art, science and practice of body psychotherapy.” It offers a definition of body psychotherapy, an introduction to the field and a description of the work, as well as a history of this emergent modality, ways to locate a body psychotherapist and some options for professional training in the field. Also included is information about the association itself and its member benefits (newsletter, journals, conferences, etc.). Of most interest to the curious layperson may be the section titled “About Body Psychotherapy,” which is accessible from the homepage. (Jesse)

The European Association for Body Psychotherapy is the web presence of the European sister association to the United States Association for Body Psychotherapy. The EABP accredits body psychotherapists and training organizations throughout Europe. Their website provides information about the field of body psychotherapy as well as the organization itself, its committees, national associations, newsletter, journal, international congresses, trainings and workshops, publications, ethics, research and links to other sites of interest. Check out this site for current international developments in the field of body psychotherapy. (Jesse)

International Foundation for Biosynthesis is the website of the Swiss institute for Biosynthesis, a somatic and psychodynamic oriented psychotherapy, which includes aspects of pre- and peri-natal psychology, body psychotherapy and transpersonal psychology. This site defines Biosynthesis, offers information about training, gives info about members, links, research and activities of the international foundation and provides a portal to the journal, “Energy & Character.” Energy and Character, in publication since 1970, is the best known international journal in the field of body psychotherapy. Its authors have included the founders of most schools of body psychotherapy, including Alexander Lowen, John Pierrakos, Gerda Boyesen, Malcolm Brown, Charles Kelley, and Eva Reich. (Jesse)

The Cambridge Body Psychotherapy Centre is the cyber home of a British institute that trains body psychotherapists and biodynamic massage therapists and offers individual body psychotherapy to the general public. Clinicians and theorists studied in professional psychotherapy trainings are among the most influential in the field of body psychotherapy: the Boyesens and Southwell (Biodynamic Psychology), Kurtz (Hakomi therapy), Sills (Core Process Psychotherapy), Boadella (Biosynthesis), Reich (Character Analysis, Vegetotherapy), Lowen (Bioenergetics), Pierrakos (Core Energetics), Rosenberg (Integrative Body Psychotherapy), and Rothschild (Somatic Trauma Therapy). The training is held within a psycho-spiritual framework and set within the broader context of psychotherapy, and key theorists within psychoanalytic, Jungian, humanistic and existential psychotherapy are also studied. Experiential learning, including reflexive practice is central throughout the training. The professional training occurs on weekends for 4 years (certificate) and an additional 2 more years (diploma). (Jesse)

The Hakomi Institute offers information about one of the leading modalities of body psychotherapy practiced in the United States today. The Hakomi Method of body-centered therapy was developed in the mid-1970s by Ron Kurtz and Pat Ogden. In 1980, the Hakomi Institute was founded, and today, Hakomi trainings are presented throughout the world. Hakomi is considered “an efficient and powerful process for discovering and then studying mind/body patterns and core beliefs…” Information on the site includes workshops, resources, journal, conferences, certified therapists, teachers/trainers. (Jesse)

Sensorimotor Psychotherapy is a conceptually elegant, powerfully effective body therapy that involves a broad repertoire of somatic interventions specifically designed to help clients tap into the wisdom of their bodies. The SPI Training Program offers ingeniously taught intensive courses for clinicians seeking to deepen their understanding of the body.

— Martha Stark, M.D., Author of Working with Resistance
and Modes of Therapeutic Action

The Sensorimotor Psychotherapy Institute (SPI) is an educational organization dedicated to the study and teaching of a body oriented approach to clinical psychotherapy practice. Sensorimotor Psychotherapy integrates both cognitive and somatic methods in the treatment of trauma, attachment, and developmental issues. It is taught internationally to psychotherapists and allied professionals who want to include somatic interventions in their clinical work. In the 1970's, Pat Ogden became interested in the correlation between her patients' disconnection from their bodies, their physical patterns and their psychological issues. As both a psychotherapist and body therapist, she was inspired to join somatic therapy and psychotherapy into a comprehensive method for healing this disconnection. SPI offered its first course in the early 1980's under the name Hakomi Bodywork. Influenced by leaders such as Bessel van der Kolk, Emilie Conrad, Peter Levine, Peter Melchior, Allan Schore, Ken Wilber, Onno van der Hart, Ellert Nijenhuis, Kathy Steele, Stephen Porges, and Martha Stark, Sensorimotor Psychotherapy draws from somatic therapies, neuroscience, attachment theory, and cognitive approaches, as well as from the Hakomi Method, a gentle psychotherapeutic approach pioneered by Ron Kurtz. SPI conducts trainings throughout the world and offers trainings for professional therapists; courses for body workers; and workshops for the general public. The courses taught by SPI are based on principles of mindfulness and mind/body/spirit holism and informed by contemporary research in neuroscience, attachment theory, trauma, and related fields. (Jesse)

The American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy website focuses on providing information for the professional marriage and family therapist, including resources and publications, career and practice information, legislation and policy news, legal and ethics information, and links to various related websites and online directories. It does have “member only” areas, but there are four levels of membership, including a student membership, which is very reasonable and most likely a good investment for anyone interested in pursing a career in marriage and family counseling. There is a public information section that is very informative. That section provides links to what the AAMFT does, how to locate a therapist, a frequently asked questions section, information on accreditation, including ethics and standards in the field, and a section called Updates on Family Problems. The Updates on Family Problems link is available to the public and provides information on a variety of topics including, adolescent behavior problems, alcohol, depression, gay and lesbian youth, marriage preparation, and care giving for the elderly, to name a few. Each section includes information on the problem, including statistics if applicable, signs of the disorder (e.g., ADHD), and treatment options, including feedback on medications often used for certain disorders. Under each topic are sections on how to help, when to seek professional help, what type of help is available, and consumer resources. Overall, this is a very informative website with relevant information for counseling students, the general public, and professionals in the field. (Leslie)

This Cognitive Behavior Therapy website gives a general overview of CBT. It seems to be written for a person who is contemplating going into therapy and is looking into what type of therapy would be best for them. The website lists conditions that are treatable by CBT, explains what the therapeutic process is like for those in CBT, gives some history on its development, and also has links to help find a CB therapist in the client’s area. Although the site seems to be geared towards potential clients, there is a link for professionals or counseling students about how to get trained to become a Cognitive Behavioral therapist. In addition to all the information on the site, it also has links to other mental health sites and articles. I found this site to be very informative and I think it would be a great place for someone who is thinking about getting therapy. (Jennifer)

The Outdoor Education Research and Evaluation Center is an excellent resource for adventure therapy and experiential education. The site provides links to school specializing in adventure therapy, ecopsychology and related professions. The site provides links to schools that provide degrees in adventure therapy. The site also addresses topics such as safety and group dynamics. The site also provides a very useful index of keywords that guide one to research papers, journal articles, web pages and unpublished papers in adventure therapy. (Mark)

Wilderness Therapy and Treatment is a not for profit organization that provides education and research regarding wilderness therapy and the organizations that provide wilderness therapy. The site is a good resource for researching what qualities a therapeutic wilderness camp should have. There are a plethora of links to other watchdog type groups regarding wilderness therapy. The site also invites one to help compile information about wilderness camps so to provide a directory of camps providing services and ratings for each. The site does a good job promoting good wilderness therapy and warning about bad wilderness therapy. (Mark)

Project Adventure is a not for profit group that promotes adventure therapy by providing a model to integrate experiential education into a program. The site addresses the use of adventure therapy across the spectrum, including uses for youth at risk, colleges, businesses and others. The site is an excellent resource for the promotion of adventure therapy and provides lots of useful information, especially in regards to ropes courses. The group provides ways to integrate adventure therapy into existing programs and provides a model for the use of adventure therapy. The site is however, a bit weak on links to other sites promoting adventure therapy. (Mark)

The National Center For Complementary And Alternative Medicine (NCCAM) agency is dedicated to scientific research on complementary and alternative medicine. It is a part of the National Institute of Health within the United States Department of Health and Human Services. The mission of NCCAM is to "explore complementary and alternative healing practices in the contents of rigorous science, and to train complementary and alternative medicine researchers to disseminate authoritative information to public and professionals". This site is great for both the layperson and for the professional to view. You can click on depression and receive information on herbal supplements that may alleviate depressive symptoms. You also have the option to click on NCCAM Clinical Trials which will bring up a bevy of information showcasing which trials are completed, terminated or have begun recruiting. Trials range from acupuncture for the treatment of PTSD to body-oriented therapy for sexual abuse recovery. It is an amazing site! (Jenna)

The American Art Therapy Association, Inc website was very interesting and helpful. It provides background information related to the use of art therapy in the mental health field, the benefits of it and the methods used. It also provides a question and answer section that gives a good bit of information for anyone that was looking for additional information or was curious about this field. There are also additional references for therapists and students, and links to news, legislation and conference information. (Traci)

Prelude Music Therapy focuses on assisting adults and children with disabilities in the use of music therapy. It provides and shares information in the music therapy world including giving workshops and presentations to parents and professionals, creating and publishing music therapy strategies and providing links to other sites that are of aide in areas of disabilities. It provides a definition of music therapy and reasons that it is effective. It outlines hiring a music therapist for several different treatment modalities such as in public schools, the medical profession and hospice. It has products such as songbooks, visual aides and instructional books. Through this site you can book a presentation for your organization. This site provides an overall view of music therapy and ways to utilize it for your cliental. (Ryan)

A Day’s Work provides products that are specially built to assist physically handicapped individuals engage in music therapy. The inventor of these products, “Ray”, designs and builds products to assist physically handicapped individuals use music therapy tools. Some of these products attach to a wheelchair tray so that they are easily accessed. On this site you can order instruments and other adaptive aides directly. You can also request a free catalogue of these devices. Some of the products are; table top chimes, a small hand drum holder, grasping aides, triangle holder and large handled mallets. Music therapists working with clients whom are physically disabled will find this site very useful to assist their clients in the activities they develop. (Ryan)

Music Therapy and Language for the Autistic Child is a reference about the purpose of using music therapy with autistic children and how it may result with different levels of autism. It provides examples of how basic music therapy may enhance natural tendencies of some autistic children such as encouraging noises and sounds that may already exist. It provides an example of how to use music therapy with basic simple phrases that may teach children with autism as opposed to traditional teaching of what behaviors are desired and what are not desired. It also hints that music therapy can be useful to assist in developing increased eye contact. This site is a basic written document that provides an overview of the purpose of music therapy with autism and some techniques to utilize. (Ryan)

Holistic Online Music Therapy provides an overview of how music therapy is thought to be beneficial from the holistic approach. It discusses how music is relaxing from the personal aspect and how it works with rhythm and how this coincides with the heart rate to relax the body. It discusses different music styles and how individuals should use a style that fits their personality for relaxation. It provides examples of how to self administer music as a relaxation technique. It has examples of how music creates physical responses in the body and identifies people who play music for themselves as a self-relaxation technique. (Ryan)

American Cancer Society Music Therapy site promotes music therapy in use with cancer patients. It describes the use of both active and passive music therapy with these patients. It discusses that music therapy is used with cancer patients to relieve pain and decrease nausea and vomiting associated with chemotherapy. The site discusses that there is evidence that music therapy can reduce high blood pressure, rapid heart beat, depression, and sleeplessness. There is a discussion of how music therapy is adapted to cancer patients and the related practice of music thanatology which is the use of music to ease the last days of terminal patients. This site also discusses the history of music therapy and the resulting evidence of it’s effectiveness. This site provides a nice overview to an area of music therapy that is less public than other forms. (Ryan)

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