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Dr. Thomas Simmons

Tom Simmons at Blue Spruce Park Contact Information
Office Hours

Education

B.A. Zoology – State University of New York at Oswego
M.A. Biology – State University of New York at Oneonta
Ph.D. Biology – St. John’s University, New York
Postdoctoral Fellowship in Toxicology – University of Rochester School of Medicine

Field

Vector and Disease Ecology
Ecological Toxicology

CoursesBlacklegged Tick

BIOL 221 Environmental Health and Protection
BIOL 310 Applied Entomology and Zoonoses
BIOL 323 Introduction to Toxicology & Risk Assessment
BIOL 456/556 Ecological Toxicology
BIOL 450/550 Disease Ecology (@ Pymatuning Laboratory of Ecology, University of Pittsburgh)

Interests

My laboratory is focused on understanding the ecology of insects and arachnids that transmit human pathogens. Currently, we are studying the population biology and community ecology of the blacklegged tick (Ixodes scapularis) and its human pathogens Borrelia burgdorferi, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, and Babesia microti in Pennsylvania. We are also investigating the effects of water mite parasitism on the population biology of mosquitoes (e.g., Coquillettidia perturbans) that vector arboviruses (e.g., the eastern equine encephalitis virus). In addition, we are assessing the human West Nile virus health risk associated with artificial container-breeding mosquitoes in illegal dumps of Pennsylvania.

PublicationsDr. Simmons with students in lab

Kirkhoff, C., Simmons, T.W., Hutchinson, M. (2013). Adult mosquitoes parasitized by larval water mites in Pennsylvania, USA. Journal of Parasitology 99: 31 - 39.

Simmons, A.E., Karimi, I, Talwar, M., Simmons, T.W. (2012). Effects of nitrite on development of embryos and early larval stages of the zebrafish (Danio rerio). Zebrafish 9: 200 - 206.

Yasick, A.L., Simmons, T.W., Earle, J.I. (2003). Parasitic water mite larvae (Acari: Stygothrombidiidae) associated with stonefly adults (Insecta: Plecoptera) from an Allegheny mountain stream. Pages 323-330. In, Smith, I.M. (Editor)An acarological tribute to David R. Cook: From Yankee Springs to Wheeny Creek. Indira Publishing House, West Bloomfield, MI. 331 pp.

Adams, W., Davis, T., Rossignol, A., Silverman, G., Simmons, T., Smith, G., Stern, B. (2001). Undergraduate environmental health education: Preparing for the future. Journal of Environmental Health, 63(7):27-31.

Rousch, J.M., Simmons, T.W., Kerans, B.L., Smith, B.P. (1997). Relative acute effects of low pH and high iron on the hatching and survival of the water mite, Arrenurus manubriator and aquatic insect, Chironomus riparius. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 16:2144-2150.

Ballatori, N., Simmons, T.W., Boyer, J.L. (1994). A volume-activated taurine channel in skate hepatocytes: Membrane polarity and role of intracellular ATP. American Journal of Physiology, 267:G285-G291.

Simmons, T.W., Anders, M.W., Ballatori, N. (1992). Transport of cysteine and S-(1,2-dichlorovinyl)-L-cysteine in rat liver canalicular membrane vesicles: Potential reabsorption mechanisms for biliary metabolites of glutathione and its S-conjugates. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, 262:1182-1188.

Simmons, T.W., Hinchman, C.A., Ballatori, N. (1991). Polarity of hepatic glutathione and glutathione S-conjugate efflux, and intraorgan mercapturic acid formation in the skate. Biochemical Pharmacology, 42:2221-2228

Hinchman, C.A., Matsumoto, H., Simmons, T.W., Ballatori, N. (1991). Intrahepatic conversion of a glutathione conjugate to its mercapturic acid: metabolism of 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene in isolated perfused rat and guinea pig livers. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 266:22179-22185

Simmons, T.W., Moseley, R.H., Boyer, J.L., Ballatori, N. (1990). Modulation of Na+-alanine cotransport in liver sinusoidal membrane vesicles by internal divalent cations. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 1023: 462-468

Simmons, T.W., Jamall, I.S., Lockshin, R.A. (1989). Selenium modulates peroxidation in the absence of glutathione peroxidase in the housefly, Musca domestica. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 165: 158-159

Simmons, T.W., Jamall, I.S., Lockshin, R.A. (1989). Selenium-independent glutathione peroxidase activity associated with glutathione S-transferase from the housefly, Musca domestica. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 94B: 323-327.

Simmons, T.W., Jamall, I.S. (1989) Relative importance of glutathione peroxidase and catalase in vivo for prevention of peroxidation to the heart. Cardiovascular Research, 23: 774-779.

Simmons, T.W., Jamall, I.S., Lockshin, R.A. (1988). Accumulation, distribution and toxicity of selenium in the adult housefly, Musca domestica. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 91C: 559-563

Simmons, T.W., Jamall, I.S. (1988). Significance of alterations in hepatic antioxidant enzymes: Primacy of glutathione peroxidase. Biochemical Journal, 251: 913-917.

Simmons, T.W., Jamall, I.S., Lockshin, R.A. (1987). The effect of selenium deficiency on peroxidative injury in the housefly, Musca domestica: A role for glutathione peroxidase. FEBS Letters, 218: 251-254.

Simmons, T.W. (1987). Description of adults of the water mite Tiphys lamina n. sp. (Prostigmata: Tiphysinae) from the Long Island pine barrens, NY, USA. International Journal of Toxicology, 13: 131-133.

Simmons, T.W. (1985). New water mite (Prostigmata: Parasitengona) - chironomid (Diptera) associations from Otsego Lake, New York. Journal of the New York Entomological Society, 93: 1275-1276.

Simmons, T.W., Smith, I.M. (1984). Morphology of larvae, deutonymphs, and adults of the water mite Najadicola ingens (Prostigmata: Parasitengona: Hygrobatoidea) with remarks on phylogenetic relationships and revision of taxonomic placement of Najadicolinae. Canadian Entomologist., 116: 691-701. 

  • Biology Department
  • Weyandt Hall, Room 114
    975 Oakland Avenue
    Indiana, PA 15705-1081
  • Phone: 724-357-2352
  • Fax: 724-357-5524
  • Office Hours
  • Monday through Friday
  • 7:30 a.m.–12:00 p.m.
  • 1:00 p.m.–4:00 p.m.