Department of Physics

College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics

## PHYS 501 Theoretical Physics 3 cr.

Explores the applied mathematics necessary to solve ordinary and partial differential equations in closed and series forms for boundary value problems in intermediate and advanced physics. Coordinate transformations, tensor analysis, special functions and series involving complex variables and integral transforms are also considered. Prerequisites: None

## PHYS 511 Secondary School Physics Laboratory Practice 1-3 cr.

Designed not only to give the student training in use of PSSC and Harvard Project Physics laboratory materials but also to increase his/her ability to make the lab a more effective teaching tool.

## PHYS 520 Advanced Laboratory Practice 3 cr.

Experimental physics. Experiments are made available to supplement student’s previous training. Data interpretation and experimental techniques are emphasized. Topics can include but are not limited to various methods of measurement and analysis of radioactivity, interferometry, spectrometry, microwave optics, NMR, mechanical vibrating systems, and thermal properties.

## PHYS 531 Modern Physics 3 cr.

An introduction to particle and wave properties of matter, atomic structure, quantum mechanics, and the quantum mechanical model of the atom.

## PHYS 533 Thermal and Statistical Physics 3 cr.

A unified approach to the study of thermodynamics through use of statistical methods. Temperature, entropy, chemical potential, and free energy are introduced and applied to a monatomic ideal gas and systems of fermions and bosons in quantum and classical regions.

## PHYS 535 Electronics 4 cr.

DC and AC circuits, diode circuits, and transistor circuits, such as the common emitter and emitter follower amplifiers, are extensively covered. Negative feedback, operational amplifiers, oscillators, and digital logic are introduced. These topics are discussed in lecture and investigated by the student in the lab.

## PHYS 536 Advanced Electronics 3 cr.

Field effect transistors, noise problems, grounding and shielding, applications of digital logic, digital-to-analog-to-digital conversion techniques, transmission lines, and microprocessor applications. Two one-hour lectures and one three-hour lab. Prerequisite: PHYS 535.

## PHYS 541 Analytical Mechanics I 2 cr.

Kinematics, particle dynamics, gravitation, free and forced harmonic motion. Treatment of these topics utilizes vector calculus and differential and integral calculus.

## PHYS 545 Optics 3 cr.

Main concepts of modern optics utilized in areas of geometrical, wave, and quantum optics. Includes presentation of illustrative examples in areas of laser technology, complex optical systems, interferometry, and spectroscopy.

## PHYS 551 Electricity and Magnetism I 2 cr.

Coulomb’s law, electrostatic potential, Gauss’s law, and dielectrics will be presented using vector calculus in a modern field formalism. Prerequisite: PHYS 510.

## PHYS 555 Computer Interfacing 3 cr.

Designed to teach the fundamentals of interfacing the personal computer with its physical surroundings. Students will learn to collect data and to control experiments. In addition, they will learn to use digital-to-analog and analog-to-digital conversion techniques, as well as how to use virtual instruments. Students will also learn to use LabVIEW (or a similar software package) to design icon-based interfacing tools and to investigate the conditioning of analog and digital information. The students will complete a special project determined by the instructor and the student. Prerequisite: Experience in writing computer programs in the C language.

## PHYS 561 Quantum Mechanics I 3 cr.

Introduction to theory of linear vector spaces, linear operators, eigenvalues, eigenvectors, and eigenfunction and their application to the harmonic oscillator, hydrogen atom, electron in a magnetic field, scattering, and perturbations. Prerequisites: PHYS 541 and PHYS 531 or equivalent.

## PHYS 565 Introduction to Nuclear Physics 3 cr.

Survey of introductory nuclear physics including nuclear size, mass, types of decay, models, forces, elementary particles, reaction theory.

## PHYS 575/* Physics of Semiconductor Devices I 3 cr.

Develops the basic foundation for a student of the theory of semiconductors. Elementary quantum concepts, the band theory of solids, electrical properties of solids, effective mass theory, and principles of semiconductor devices are discussed. Prerequisites: PHYS 533, PHYS 535, PHYS 545, or permission of instructor.

## PHYS 590/* Solid State Physics 3 cr.

Reciprocal lattice, crystal structure, the quantization of fields to produce quasiparticles such as phonons, magnons, and excitons. Fermi gas of electrons, energy bands, semiconductor crystals, and photoconductivity. Prerequisites: PHYS 531 and 542.

## PHYS 599 Special Studies 1-6 cr.

Special Topics course(s) may be offered at the discretion of the department to fulfill a special necessity.

## PHYS 600 Methods of Research in Physics 2 cr.

Offers the student practical training in special methods and materials of research in physics. Emphasis on types of research and use of physics and physics-related journals and library facilities. Prerequisite: Permission of department.

## PHYS 601 Theoretical Physics I 3 cr.

Serves as a preparation in mathematical physics for graduate student. Included will be vector analysis, curvilinear coordinate systems, infinite series, complex variables and the calculus of residues, and ordinary and partial differential equations. Prerequisite: Permission of department.

## PHYS 602 Theoretical Physics II 3 cr.

A continuation of PHYS 601, covering Tensor analysis, matrices, group theory, Sturm-Liouville theory, special functions, Fourier series, integral transforms, Green’s functions, and integral equations. Prerequisite: PHYS 601.

## PHYS 611 Computational Physics 3 cr.

Introduction to developments in computational physics, emphasizing physical concepts and applications rather than mathematical proofs, derivations, and code developments. In particular, shows how computers can be used to learn about physics concepts and how they can be used as tools in solving physics problems. A familiarity with the concept of programming is assumed. Prerequisite: PHYS 473/561, or equivalent, or permission of the instructor.

## PHYS 634 Statistical Mechanics 3 cr.

A quantum approach to statistical mechanics. Fermi, Bose, ideal gas, and imperfect gas systems are investigated. Special Topics in kinetic theory of gases, transport phenomena, magnetic systems, and liquid helium. Corequisite: PHYS 561 or its equivalent.

## PHYS 641 Advanced Mechanics I 3 cr.

Includes the following topics: Lagrange’s equations, Hamilton’s Principle. Two-body central force, Euler’s Theorem, small oscillations, Hamilton’s equations, canonical transformations. Prerequisite: PHYS 542 or its equivalent.

## PHYS 651 Advanced Electromagnetic Theory I 3 cr.

Solution of boundary value problems using Green’s functions and separation of variables techniques. Cartesian and spherical coordinate systems, multipole expansions, macroscopic electrostatistics and magnetostatistics, Maxwell’s equations, and plane electromagnetic waves. Prerequisite: PHYS 552 or equivalent.

## PHYS 652 Advanced Electromagnetic Theory II 3 cr.

Solution of electrostatic problems using cylindrical coordinates. Green’s function for time-dependent wave equation, conservation laws, wave guides and resonant cavities, Special Theory of Relativity, simple radiating systems, and diffraction. Prerequisite: PHYS 651.

## PHYS 657 Solid State Theory 3 cr.

Quantum approach to solid state. Topics include second quantization of fermion and boson systems, electron theory of metals, electron-phonon interactions, and superconductivity. Selected subjects in thermal transport, magnetic phenomena. Corequisite: PHYS 561 or its equivalent.

## PHYS 658 Physics and Applications of Industrial Materials 3 cr.

Introduces the essential physics and current industrial applications of technologically important materials by way of both lecture and lab components. Materials of interest will span semiconductors, ceramics, polymers, and composites that find application in microelectronics, magnetic recording, flat panel displays, medical application, and micro machines.

## PHYS 661 Quantum Mechanics II 3 cr.

Fundamental concepts of quantum mechanics, theory of representations, and linear vector spaces. Approximation methods for stationary problems with applications to central potentials and for time-dependent problems with application to scattering and transition theory.

## PHYS 662 Quantum Mechanics III 3 cr.

Classical and quantum fields; interactions between Fermi and Bose fields; relativistic quantum mechanics; and Dirac theory. Introduction to propagators and Feynman diagrams with application to quantum electrodynamics and many-particle systems.

## PHYS 690 Research Problems in Physics 1-6 cr.

Introduction to advanced research problems through individual assignment. Prerequisite: Permission of department.

## PHYS 699 Independent Study 1-6 cr.

Individualized, in-depth study of an area of physics in the student’s interest. Work is supervised by a physics faculty member but does not necessarily involve regular lecture or laboratory hours. The topic must be approved by the supervising faculty member and by the administration prior to the semester in which the course is to be taken.

## PHYS 795 Thesis 1-6 cr.

## PHYS 799 Internship Experience

Practical learning experience for students of applying science and business skills in an industrial workplace. Students must initiate and secure internship to participate in a 3-6 month supervised professional work-experience with identified industrial sponsors to advance their individual career objectives. The PSM program coordinator provides guidance to students during their exploration of industrial sites and project options. The internship is a rigorous but flexible training experience with respect to its focus and timeline – it can be paid or unpaid and generally conducted in a non-academic setting. Prerequisites: Completion of 12 IUP graduate credits with a minimum of a 3.0 grade point average

*Indicates dual-listed class