for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) urges U.S.
residents to avoid nonessential travel to Sierra
Leone, Guinea, and Liberia because of an
unprecedented outbreak of Ebola.
World Health Organization
(WHO) continues to monitor Nigeria, which has
reported three cases of Ebola at this time. No travel alert has been issued for Nigeria.
Ebola virus disease (also known as Ebola
hemorrhagic fever) is a rare and deadly disease. The disease is native to
several African countries and is caused by infection with one of the Ebola viruses.
It is spread by direct contact with a sick person’s blood or body fluids. It is
also spread by contact with contaminated objects or infected animals, including
Symptoms include fever, headache,
joint and muscle aches, sore throat, and weakness, followed by diarrhea,
vomiting, and stomach pain. Skin rash, red eyes, and internal and external
bleeding may be seen in some patients.
Since this virus requires contact
with blood or bodily fluid, transmission is rare. The disease is transmitted
when symptoms are present. Therefore it is important to seek health care
immediately if you develop symptoms after traveling to these areas or believe
you may have been exposed to the Ebola virus.
If you have recently traveled in this area, pay attention to your health after you return.
- Monitor your health for 10 days if you were in an area
with an Ebola outbreak but were not in contact with blood or body fluids, items
that have come in contact with blood or body fluids, animals or raw meat, or
hospitals where Ebola patients are being treated.
- Monitor your health for 21 days regardless of possible
exposure to Ebola.
- Seek medical care immediately if you develop fever,
headache, achiness, sore throat, diarrhea, vomiting, stomach pain, rash, or red
- Tell the doctor about your recent travel and your
symptoms before you go to the office or emergency room. Advance notice will
help the doctor care for you and protect other people who may be in the office.
for Health and Well-Being continues to monitor this outbreak and will provide
information as it becomes available. For
more information, visit the CDC or contact the Health Service at
the IUP Center for Health and Well-Being at 724-357-2550.