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History Department News: September 2008

Arpaia speaks on Luigi Federzoni at the American Academy in Rome

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Paul Arpaia presented “A Preface to a Biography of Luigi Federzoni (1878-1967)” at the American Academy in Rome on April 18, 2008, and served as a panel member on the Italian public television documentary “Il Viaggio di Hitler in Italia” (Hitler’s Trip to Italy).

Bodle Publishes and Presents on American History

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Wayne Bodle published “Les Reactions Americaines a L’Annonce de la Mort du Marechal de Rochambeau en 1807” in Bulletin de la Societe Archeologique du Vendomois and “American Shores: Maps of the Middle Atlantic Region to 1850” in Common-place: The Interactive Journal of Early American Life (April 2008).

He also presented “Wollstonecrafts in America” at the Australia New Zealand American Studies Conference in Sydney on July 6, and “‘A Standing Dish of Family Cares’: Mary Wollstonecraft as an Atlantic Basin Kinworker” at the Berkshire Conference on the History of Women at the University of Minnesota on June 13.

Professor Bodle is a member of IUP’s History Department.

Botelho Organizes International Conference on Western Medical Cultures and Gender

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Professor Lynn Botelho, of the History Department, coorganized the international conference “(Re)constructing the Aging Body: Western Medical Cultures and Gender, 1600–2000” at Johannes Gutenberg–University Mainz, Germany, September 26–29, 2008.

In addition, she was elected treasurer to the executive committee of the North American Conference on British Studies, and she is president of the Mid-Atlantic Conference of British Studies.

History Professor, Students Participate in Cyprus Research Project

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Dr. R. Scott Moore, a professor of history at Indiana University of Pennsylvania, recently completed the sixth season of an archaeological investigation in Cyprus.

Moore is the leader of an international team of faculty and students, including five IUP students, working on the the Pyla-Koutsopetria project, which is a regional survey of a coastal territory east of Larnaca, Cyprus.

For the past five years, project members have focused on the archaeological remains on the surface of the ground. This year, thanks to funding from the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education, the IUP anthropology and history departments have purchased a special device, the Trimble GNSS R8 base station and rover, to help with accurate mapping of excavation and survey projects.

IUP students involved in the project include Jon Crowley, of Boyertown; Jessica Freas, of Somerset; Joe Kochinski, of Windber; and graduate student Nick Wise, of Kinzers.

The site of Pyla-Koutsopetria was a wealthy late Roman village that served as an important regional trading hub for the southeastern area of the island.

“The advantage of the R8 for archaeological surveys is that it provides extremely accurate mapping in seconds, allowing a survey team to collect hundreds of survey points in a day,” Moore said. “This is compared to the use of hand-held units, which are less accurate and take much longer for each reading.

“During a three-week period, the team was able to take more than 5,000 measurements over a two-kilometer square area, permitting the creation of an extremely accurate topographic map of the coastal region.”

Moore said that the six seasons of fieldwork in the region have revealed a dynamic and wealthy Mediterranean landscape filled with towns, fortifications and religious centers.

“The careful documentation of this material is particularly important as more and more of the Cypriot coastline succumbs to development. Plans are already under way for a larger, more extensive field season in the summer of 2009.”

Funding for the 2008 season’s fieldwork was provided by grants from IUP, the University of North Dakota, Messiah College, American Schools of Oriental Research, Institute for Aegean Prehistory, the Brennan Foundation, the Mediterranean Archaeological Trust and private donors. All fieldwork was completed with the permission and cooperation of the Department of Antiquities, Cyprus.

“Widows in Convents” by History Professor Mannard Published in U.S. Catholic Historian

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The U.S. Catholic Historian published “Widows in Convents of the Early Republic: The Archdiocese of Baltimore, 1790-1860” by History professor Joe Mannard in a special issue on Catholics in the Early American Republic.

Franklin-Rahkonen Discusses Finnish War and Education

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Sharon Franklin-Rahkonen, from IUP’s Department of History, presented “The Finnish Winter War as a Learning Experience” at Finn Fest 2008, Duluth, Minn., on July 25, 2008. She also presented “The Development of Secondary Education in Finland: A Success Story” at the Association for the Advancement of Baltic Studies, Bloomington, Ind., on May 30, 2008.

Archaeologists Use Advanced Geospatial Technologies in Summer Field Projects

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IUP faculty and student archaeologists have had a busy summer investigating ancient sites and civilizations in Pennsylvania, Cyprus, and New Mexico. An exciting part of these projects was the use of advanced geospatial technologies combined with traditional archaeological research. 

In 2007, the Anthropology and History departments received funding through a State System of Higher Education Technology Fee Special Project Grant to purchase a Trimble GNSS R8 base station and rover for sub-centimeter accuracy in mapping excavation and survey projects.

This past summer, Drs. Beverly Chiarulli (Anthropology) and R. Scott Moore (History) took the R8 on the road to test its capabilities in several field projects.

This summer, Chiarulli and three students—undergraduates Justin De Maio and Tiara Bey and graduate student Germaine McArdle—used the R8 to map nineteenth-century artifacts and survey areas in the Gila National Forest, New Mexico; test units at the Lemon House in the Allegheny Portage National Historic Site in Cambria County, Pennsylvania; and at the IUP Archaeological Field School site near Blairsville, Pa.

Moore and four students—undergraduates Jon Crowley, Jessie Freas, and Joe Kochinski and graduate student Nick Wise—took the R8 to Cyprus to map the coastal site of Pyla-Koutsopetria. The site of Pyla-Koutsopetria was a wealthy Late Roman village that served as an important regional trading hub for the southeastern area of the island.

The advantage of the R8 for archaeological surveys is that it provides extremely accurate mapping in seconds, allowing a survey team to collect hundreds of survey points in a day compared to the use of hand-held units, which are less accurate and take much longer for each reading. During a three-week period, the team was able to take more than five thousand GPS measurements over a two-kilometer square area, permitting the creation of an extremely accurate topographic map of the coastal region.

In the Gila Archaeological Project, the IUP survey team joined with students and faculty from Howard University in Washington, D.C., students from the Mescalero Apache Tribe, and archaeologists from the National Park Service and the Gila National Forest (GNF). The focus of the project is the Apache Wars of the 1870s and 1880s, which pitted Buffalo Soldiers (the African-American regiments formed after the Civil War) against the Apache.

Dr. Eleanor King of Howard University directs the project, which focuses on how both sides used the landscape, not only for battle but for everyday life, by identifying camp sites and battle sites. Chiarulli, De Maio, Bey, and McArdle used the R8 and other hand-held GPS units to map structures and artifacts in a nine thousand-acre section of the Black Range district of the GNF.

The eastern slopes of the Black Range were among the most hotly contested landscapes in this prolonged fight.  Homeland to the Warm Springs Apache, they witnessed many of the most important battles in the Victorio War. This uprising began in the late 1870s under the leadership of chief Victorio and his allies and did not effectively end until well after his death, with the surrender of Geronimo and his allies in 1886.

The Black Range saw some of the last battles fought for freedom and self-determination by the Apache on United States soil. It was also a proving ground for the 9th Cavalry, one of the Buffalo Soldier regiments. One battle alone in these mountains won the regiment three medals of honor. Even though there are some fifty-five known battle sites on Forest land on the eastern slopes of the Black Range, many have never been properly recorded. Although located on National Forest land, these sites remain vulnerable to relic hunters. With their destruction goes important information on exactly what took place in these mountains, as usually all we have are the brief military records of engagements. Even more important is information about where the Apache camped or the soldiers stayed and how they traveled away from the forts and roads.

During the nine days of field work, the IUP team mapped artifacts and structures in nine survey areas, including standing structures and possible structures in an abandoned nineteenth century mining town and cemetery, several prehistoric sites, a battle site, and several historic Apache artifacts. They also used a Bartingdon Magnetic Susceptibility survey loop to survey possible residential or camp sites.

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