Contraceptive methods are not one-size-fits-all. Picking a
method that fits your life is one of the keys to success. Only you can decide
which method is best for you. Sometimes figuring out this information can be
overwhelming. For more information about these methods, IUP students may
schedule a free contraceptive consultation with
the Health AWAREness office.
Remember, abstinence is the only 100 percent effective way to
reduce the risk of unplanned pregnancy. If you choose to be sexually active,
you can reduce your risk of unplanned pregnancy by using effective birth
control consistently and correctly. Below is a list of contraceptive methods.
Having an understanding of your monthly
fertility pattern can help prevent unplanned pregnancy. Your fertility pattern
is the number of days in the month when you are fertile. It also helps to track
the days when you are infertile and when fertility is unlikely. If you do not
want to get pregnant, you do not engage in sexual activity on the days you are
fertile, or use an alternative method of birth control, such as a condom. This
method has a typical use failure rate of 24 percent.
The fertility method does not protect
you from STIs unless you are using an alternative method of birth control,
such as a male or female condom. In this case, your risk of contracting an STI may
Contraceptive sterilization is a
permanent, safe, and effective approach to birth control if you do not desire a
pregnancy in the future. Sterilization methods have a typical use failure rate
of less than 1 percent. Below are list of sterilization methods. For more information
on these methods, please consult your medical provider.
contraception is not a regular birth control method. It can be used within 120
hours of an episode of unprotected intercourse, including after no birth
control was used during consensual sex, if the birth control method failed
(i.e., condom broke), or in cases of rape and sexual assault. There are two
emergency contraceptive methods:
One of the
most widely used methods of emergency contraceptive is Plan B. This emergency
contraception pill is a progestin birth control pill containing Levonorgestrel
in a special dosage designated for use as emergency contraception. Plan B
works by (1) preventing ovulation; (2) temporarily altering the uterine lining;
(3) reducing the changes of fertilization in the fallopian tube. Emergency contraceptive pills are not
Mifepristone (often referred to as the “abortion pill”).
Service offers several contraceptive and sexual health services. Visit the Women’s Health
webpage for more information about these services.
Request a free
If you have questions about
contraception, you can meet with a member of the Health AWAREness staff to discuss your options. We will provide
you with information, answer your questions, and help you find local resources
to meet your health needs. Consultations are at no cost to you.
Visit the Contraceptive Consultation Request Form page to request an
Sources: Love Is Respect, Planned Parenthood, Women's Health, CDC, MayoClinic
Disclaimer: This site is a resource for IUP students. It is not intended to replace
consultation with your medical providers. IUP Health Service staff members are available
to treat and give medical advice to IUP students. Visit the IUP Health Service website for more
For more information, visit our resource library.
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