According to the CDC, breast and skin cancer are the most common cancers among women in the United States. Both diseases affect men as well. The CDC
also shares that lung cancer is the leading cause of death among men and women
in the United States.
Cancer AWAREness campaigns provide students with information on prevention and early detection.
Cancer is a term used to describe a disease in
which abnormal cells grow out of control.
There are over 100 diseases that classify as cancer. Cancer cells can
invade, or grow into, other tissues and form tumors. Cancer may spread, but it
is always named for the place where it started. For example, cancer that starts
in the breast is called breast cancer. Cancer can be a complex topic for some
to understand. For more information on the basics of cancer, you can visit the American Cancer
to the World Health Organization, at
least one-third of all cancer cases are preventable. Take a free Cancer Risk Test to identify behaviors that may lead to cancer and ways to reduce your risk.
Below are additional ways
that you can reduce your chances of developing cancer.
Tobacco use is the single greatest avoidable
risk for cancer mortality worldwide. Tobacco is linked to many types of cancer,
including cancers of the lung, esophagus, larynx, mouth, throat, kidney,
bladder, pancreas, stomach, and cervix. If you use tobacco products and want to
quit, help is available. Contact the Alcohol,
Tobacco, and Other Drugs office to learn more about
Research suggests that the risk of cancer increases with
the amount of alcohol consumed. Some people think that certain types of alcohol
are “safer” than others, but this is not true because ethanol is found in all
alcoholic drinks (i.e., beer, wine, liquor, and spirits). When looking at the link between alcohol and
cancer, the amount of alcohol that is drunk over time, not the type of drink,
appears to be the most important factor in raising cancer risk.
It is recommended by multiple sources that you limit
your alcohol intake to no more than two drinks per day for men and one drink a day
for women. For more information on alcohol, contact the Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drugs office.
Regular physical activity will considerably
reduce cancer risk, as there is a link between overweight and obesity to many
types of cancers. Physical activity is anything that gets you moving! The CDC recommends that adults get 150 minutes of
moderate-intensity aerobic activity every week. For some, it may sound like a
lot, but you can accomplish this goal by taking a 10-minute walk, three times a
day, five days a week. To learn more, read the CDC’s Physical
Activity Guidelines for Americans.
Diet (what you eat or don’t eat) is linked to some types
of cancers, but the exact reasons are not yet clear. The American Cancer Society recommends the following diet, to help lower cancer risk:
For more information on diet and nutrition,
students can make an appointment with the Nutrition Connection. The Nutrition Connection
is a free service to IUP students concerned about healthy eating habits,
fitness, weight management, nutrition-related medical problems, or eating
disorders. For more information, please call (724)-357-4797.
To find cancer early, while it’s small and before it has
spread, adults should have regular tests called screening exams. These tests help your medical provider find
common cancers before they cause symptoms. Talk to your medical provider about
which screening tests might be right for you. If cancer is found early, it can
be easier to treat. Survival also tends to be longer for those with early
Sources: Center for Disease
Control and Prevention, American Cancer Society, World Health Organization
Disclaimer: This site is a resource for IUP students. It is not intended to replace
consultation with your medical providers. IUP
Health Service staff members are available
to treat and give medical advice to IUP students. Visit the IUP
Health Service website for more
Visit our resource library for more information.
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