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Many undergraduate courses appear under the geography (GEOG) prefixes. Non-majors usually register for courses with the GEOG prefix.

Majors should register according to their declared program.

Geography Undergraduate Courses:

GEOG 101 - Introduction to Geography: Human Environment 3c-0l-3cr
Throughout history, human life and society have been shaped by the physical environment. Today, human activity threatens that environment. The relationship between humans and environment is examined in the context of the surface processes of weather, climate, plate tectonics, population distribution, and soil formation. Topics include agriculture, acid rain, global warming, deforestation, desertification, erosion, volcanism, and pollution.

GEOG 102 - Geography of United States and Canada 3c-0l-3cr
The cultural landscape of North America is studied. The relationship between man and environment is examined and spatial patterns of environment, economy, society, and politics are considered.

GEOG 103 - Cities of the World: Issues in Planning and Development 3c-0l-3cr
An introduction to the developmental and regional planning issues facing contemporary non-western cities. A theoretical framework sets up detailed case studies of developmental issues affecting urban populations in Africa, Asia, and Central and South America. Issues include such traditional topics as migration, population, poverty, and indigenous and colonial legacies, but environmental and infrastructure problems such as water supply, food security, energy, solid waste, disaster planning, and transportation are also analyzed and discussed. (Also offered as RGPL 103; may not be taken as duplicate credit)

GEOG 104 - Geography of the Non-Western World 3c-0l-3cr
Relates theories of the discipline of geography to problems in the developing world. Emphasizes geographic components of dependency theory; indigenous-versus-industrial strategies of resource management; world systems theory; spatial legacies of colonialism; and development economics, theories of migration, and urban structure to explore causes, characteristics, and consequences of underdevelopment.

GEOG 213 - Cartography I 3c-0l-3cr
Introduces principles of thematic map construction. Emphasizes techniques of choropleth mapping and the production of scientific graphs and charts. (Also offered as RGPL 213; may not be taken for duplicate credit)

GEOG 219 - Global Positioning System Fundamentals 1c-0l-1cr
Provides a basic knowledge of the Global Positioning System. The student learns how to use NAVSTAR GPS to locate precise positions on the globe, to plot a course, and to navigate using a handheld global positioning receiver. Civil drafting data may be collected with a GPS receiver and put into the computer to generate plot plans.

GEOG 230 - Cultural Geography 3c-0l-3cr
An introduction to cultural geography, including population, settlement, historical, urban, and political geography, human relationships with the natural environment, and the literature and methods of cultural geography.

GEOG 231 - Economic Geography 3c-0l-3cr
An introduction to geographic concepts, methods, and skills related to spatial patterns of production, consumption, and exchange over the earth’s surface.

GEOG 251 - Geography of Pennsylvania 3c-0l-3cr
Regions of Pennsylvania are examined in detail to identify man-environment relationships. Soils, topography, climate, vegetation, population, and economic patterns are studied.

GEOG 252 - Geography of Latin America 3c-0l-3cr
The impact of rapid population growth and economic development on the environment and spatial organization of Latin America is considered. The resource base and cultural heritage of the region are studied.

GEOG 253 - Geography of Europe 3c-0l-3cr
Investigates relationships underlying land use, dominant international problems, boundary disputes, and regional complexes of the European continent.

GEOG 254 - Geography of Russia, Central Eurasia, and Eastern Europe 3c-01-3cr
Examines the Russian Federation, former Soviet satellites, and the European and Asiatic successor states. The region is the realm of Eurasian languages, historical schisms between eastern and western Europe, and the geographical legacies of the Tsarist and Soviet empires. Topics include terrain and environment, population, economic regions, resources, and geopolitics. These are studied in the context of environmental location and position between Eastern and Western power centers of the twenty-first century.

GEOG 255 - Geography of Africa 3c-0l-3cr
A systematic survey of the physical, economic, political-historical, and cultural geography of the continent is followed by regional studies of countries and peoples in Africa, south of the Sahara.

GEOG 256 - Geography of East Asia 3c-0l-3cr
Studies China, Japan, Korea, Outer Mongolia, Taiwan. Geographic background for development and wise use and restoration of natural resources are dealt with.

GEOG 257 - Geography of South and Southeast Asia 3c-0l-3cr
India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Burma, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, and Indonesia are studied with special attention to regional similarities and differences, particularly as they pertain to human adjustment.

GEOG 261 - Geography of Wine 3c-0l-3cr
The geography of the grape, its production, products, social significance, and consequences of the global wine trade are explored. Students develop an appreciation for the environmental constraints and characteristics of wines and wine regions. Field trips to visit wineries are an essential element. Verifiable proof of 21 years of age required for voluntary wine-tasting activities.

GEOG 281 - Special Topics 3c-0l-3cr
Prerequisite: As appropriate to course content Offered on an experimental or temporary basis to explore topics not included in the established curriculum. A given topic may be offered under any special topic identity no more than three times. Special topics numbered 281 are offered primarily for lower-level undergraduate students. (May also be offered as RGPL 281; may not be taken as duplicate credit under same title)

GEOG 313 - Cartography II 3c-0l-3cr
Prerequisite: GEOG 213 Provides an understanding of the compilation and use of maps and quantitative data. Develops skills essential to the construction of various types of maps. (Also offered as RGPL 313; may not be taken for duplicate credit)

GEOG 314 - Map and Photograph Interpretation 3c-0l-3cr
Maps and air photographs, along with remote sensing materials, permit inventory, and analysis of geologic, land use, urban development, and other landscape phenomena. The understanding of these materials and associated tools for their use is presented. (Also offered as RGPL 314; may not be taken for duplicate credit)

GEOG 316 - Introduction to Geographic Information Systems 3c-0l-3cr
Prerequisite: GEOG 213, or equivalent, or instructor permission Automated methods for creating, maintaining, and analyzing spatial data are presented. Topics include 1) specialized GIS hardware and software, 2) vector vs. raster vs. object-oriented spatial data structures, 3) creation and manipulation of geographic data files, 4) database design and management concepts, 5) spatial analysis, and 6) cartographic design. (Also offered as RGPL 316; may not be taken for duplicate credit)

GEOG 331 - Population Geography 3c-0l-3cr
Spatial variations in numbers, characteristics, and dynamics of human population, models, and theoretical constructs relevant to demographic structures and processes are studied, as well as major world and regional problems.

GEOG 332 - Urban Geography 3c-0l-3cr
Basic concepts of urban geography including site, situation, function, urban land use, urban structure, and urban hierarchy are introduced. Relationships between urban geography and urban planning are explored. (Also offered as RGPL 332; may not be taken for duplicate credit)

GEOG 333 - Trade and Transportation 3c-0l-3cr
Deals with the spatial aspects of transportation systems and their use. Discusses circulation, accessibility, time and distance concepts, and trade patterns. (Also offered as RGPL 333; may not be taken for duplicate credit)

GEOG 334 - Political Geography 3c-0l-3cr
Geographic factors and conditions are analyzed as they relate to the character and function of states. Political institutions are evaluated in light of geographic conditions.

GEOG 335 - Geography of Energy 3c-0l-3cr
Covers patterns and problems of energy production and consumption in human societies. Descriptions of what, where, and how much are combined with issues such as technological change, conservation, allocation, environment impacts, and economic development. Topics include global history and trends of energy development, pricing systems, types of energy, locations of production areas, and the energy status of the United States.

GEOG 336 - Social Geography 3c-0l-3cr
Focuses on spatial dimensions of the American society. The distribution of various social groups and their impact on the landscape are considered.

GEOG 337 - Historical Geography 3c-0l-3cr
Studies of past geographies, geographical change through time, and historical perspectives on the cultural landscape are included. Historical geography of the United States is emphasized.

GEOG 341 - Climatology 3c-0l-3cr
Examines the elements of weather and climate on Earth. The location and causes of global climatic regions are examined in relation to moving pressure and wind systems. Also considers the climatic history of the planet and recent human modifications of the atmospheric environment. (Also offered as RGPL 341; may not be taken for duplicate credit)

GEOG 342 - Physiography 3c-0l-3cr
Focuses on landform types and their spatial distribution. Emphasizes the tectonic forces that build landforms and the weathering and erosional processes that erode and shape surface features. The relationship between human activities and landforms is also considered. (Also offered as RGPL 342; may not be taken for duplicate credit)

GEOG 343 - Geography of Fresh Water Resources 3c-0l-3cr
Students learn about surface and groundwater as a resource with unique properties. Fresh water is defined physically by storage in the hydrologic cycle and the values assigned by different cultures. Problems featured relate to consumptive and withdrawal water uses, the problems of water supply and scarcity, water law and its inconsistencies, flooding and floodplain management, sources of contamination and pollution, wetlands, and case studies of selected river basins. (Also offered as RGPL 343; may not be taken for duplicate credit)

GEOG 345 - Biogeography for Environmental Managers 3c-0l-3cr
Prerequisite: One of the following: GEOG 341, 342, BIOL 103, 112, 115 Examines the distribution of plants and animals across the earth’s surface, as influenced by natural and human processes. Emphasizes landscape and regional habitat dynamics as they relate to environmental planning and management. Field trips supplement lectures and readings. (Also offered as RGPL 345; may not be taken for duplicate credit)

GEOG 411 - History of Geography 3c-0l-3cr
Prerequisites: GEOG 213, 230, 231, and 341 or 342 Deals with history of the discipline, great ideas, leading problems, and unresolved issues.

GEOG 411 - History of Geography 3c-0l-3cr
Prerequisite: GEOG 230 Prerequisites or Corequisites: GEOG 213, 231, 341 or 342 Deals with history of the discipline, great ideas, leading problems, and unresolved issues.

GEOG 412 - Community Planning Practicum 3c-0l-3cr
Prerequisite: RGPL 468 This senior seminar and workshop constitute a capstone course that focuses on recent research in the major field. Students carry out an applied research project on a topic of local or regional importance. (Also offered as RGPL 412; may not be taken for duplicate credit) (Titled Research Seminar prior to 2011-12)

GEOG 415 - Remote Sensing 3c-0l-3cr
Deals with air photographs, satellite imagery, thermal sensing, and radar imagery and their application to deriving information about the earth’s physical and cultural landscapes. (Also offered as RGPL 415; may not be taken for duplicate credit)

GEOG 417 - Technical Issues in GIS 3c-0l-3cr
Prerequisite: GEOG 316 A project-based class in which students learn the skills to develop and maintain a Geographic Information System. Through cooperative learning, students design and implement functional systems. Methods for designing GIS systems to user specification, data collection, data input, project management, and system documentation are covered. (Also offered as RGPL 417; may not be taken for duplicate credit)

GEOG 418 - Geographic Information Systems (GIS) for Crime Mapping and Social Scientific Analysis 3c-0l-3cr
Prerequisite: 60 completed credits or instructor permission Provides knowledge of the theoretical basis of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and its applications for criminologists and other social scientists. In the process of demonstrating some of the capabilities of GIS, the specifics of selected GIS and database software packages will also be covered. Students develop the skills to use GIS packages, manipulate and query geographic data to solve problems, perform simple spatial analysis, and understand how to utilize GIS in law enforcement/social science problemsolving and decision-making processes.

GEOG 419 - Geographic Information Systems (GIS) for Environmental Applications 3c-0l-3cr
Prerequisite: 60 completed credits or instructor permission Provides knowledge of the theoretical basis of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and its applications for environmental scientific analysis. In the process of demonstrating some of the capabilities of GIS, the specifics of selected GIS and database software packages will also be covered. Students develop the skills to use GIS packages, manipulate and query geographic data to solve problems, perform simple spatial analysis, and understand how to utilize GIS for environmental analysis and resource management.

GEOG 421 - Enterprise GIS Management 3c-0l-3cr
Prerequisite: GEOG 417 or instructor permission Principles and methods for creating, operating, maintaining, and managing data for multi-user geospatial information systems are studied. Each student will customize, document, and operate a multi-user geographic information system of his or her design. (Also offered as RGPL 421; may not be taken for duplicate credit)

GEOG 425 - Global Positioning Systems (GPS) Concepts and Techniques 3c-01-3cr
Prerequisites: 60cr completed or instructor permission Provides knowledge of the theoretical basis and practical applications of Geographic Positioning Systems (GPS). Students gain hands-on experience using GPS receivers and GPS observables, as well as the ability to determine point and relative position fixes from pseudorange and carrier phase measurements. Students are exposed to industry-standard GPS hardware and software, as well as appropriate techniques for processing GPS data to achieve necessary levels of horizontal and vertical positional accuracy. Integration of GPS and geographic information systems (GIS) will also be discussed.

GEOG 431 - Geography of American Indians 3c-0l-3cr
Focuses on the historical/cultural geography of Native Americans. Population, resources, land use, development, settlement patterns, and other selected topics are covered.

GEOG 432 - Geography of Crime 3c-0l-3cr
The geographical context of crime is examined from historical and contemporary viewpoints. Relevant concepts and analytical approaches are introduced.

GEOG 440 - Conservation: Environmental Analysis 3c-0l-3cr
Problems of exploitation and utilization of regional resources such as soils, minerals, forests, and wildlife are considered in relation to population growth and regional planning and development. (Also offered as RGPL 440; may not be taken for duplicate credit)

GEOG 464 - Land Use Policy 3c-0l-3cr
Introduces and provides an overview of land use issues at the regional, state, and federal levels. Emphasizes the evolution of contemporary policy strategies, constitutional issues, and regional controversies involved in the regulation of metropolitan growth, central city decline, and management of public lands. (Also offered as RGPL 464; may not be taken for duplicate credit)

GEOG 481 - Special Topics 3c-0l-3cr
Prerequisite: As appropriate to course content Offered on an experimental or temporary basis to explore topics not included in the established curriculum. A given topic may be offered under any special topic identity no more than three times. Special topics numbered 481 are primarily for upper-level undergraduate students. (May also be offered as RGPL 481; may not be taken for duplicate credit under same title)

GEOG 482 - Independent Study var-1-3cr
Prerequisite: Prior approval through advisor, faculty member, department chairperson, dean, and Provost’s Office Students with interest in independent study of a topic not offered in the curriculum may propose a plan of study in conjunction with a faculty member. Approval is based on academic appropriateness and availability of resources.

GEOG 483 - Honors Thesis var-1-6cr
Prerequisites: Admission to departmental honors program; prior approval through advisor, faculty member, department chairperson, dean, and Provost’s Office An intensive, focused study involving independent research culminating in a written thesis approved by a thesis director and two faculty readers/ committee members. May be taken more than once to a maximum of 6cr.

GEOG 484 - Field Studies in Geography and Social Studies var 1-3cr
Prerequisite: Instructor permission Immerses the student in a regional environment. Helps the student to see critically and to interpret a cultural landscape. The experience is predominantly off campus. Using a combination of structured field exercises, culturally specific readings, primary and secondary data, and standard geographic field techniques, the course strives to develop a deeper affective and cognitive understanding of a cultural region. May be repeated under a different study area title.

GEOG 493 - Internship var-3-12cr
Professional learning experience with emphasis on application of academic background. Open to majors and minors in geography with a total of 60cr and 15cr in the major. See internship supervisor for additional information.

GEOG 499 - Independent Study var-3-6cr
Independent research and study under faculty direction. Interested students should approach department chairperson for information.

Geography Graduate Courses:

GEOG 511/* - History of Geography 3 cr
History of the discipline, great ideas, leading professionals, and unresolved issues are studied.

GEOG 513 - Cartography 3 cr
Develops ability to map and diagram human and environmental phenomena. Special maps, charts, and diagrams will be considered as required by students. Recommended for all master’s candidates.

GEOG 514 - Map and Photograph Interpretation 3 cr
Develops skill in extracting information and synthesizing data from maps and aerial photographs as applied to geologic, land use, planning, and terrain analysis problems.

GEOG 515/* - Remote Sensing 3 cr
Methods of remote sensing such as thermal sensing, multi-spectral scanning, satellite imagery, side-looking airborne radar imagery, and additive color analysis and their applications, particularly as applied to geographic and planning problems, are studied.

GEOG 516 - Introduction to Geographic Information Systems 3 cr 
Automated methods for creating, maintaining, and analyzing spatial data are presented. Topics include 1) specialized GIS hardware and software, 2) vector vs. raster vs. object-oriented spatial data structures, 3) creation and manipulation of geographic data files, 4) database design and management concepts, 5) spatial analysis, and 6) cartographic design.
Prerequisite: GEOG 513 or equivalent or permission of instructor.

GEOG 517/* - Technical Issues in GIS 3 cr
A project-based class where students learn the skills to develop and maintain a Geographic Information System. Students will construct functional systems. Designing GIS systems to use specification data collection, data input, project management, and system documentation covered.
Prerequisite: GEOG 516.

GEOG 518 - Geographic Information Systems (GIS) for Crime Mapping and Social Scientific Analysis 3 cr
Provides students with knowledge of the theoretical basis of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and their applications for criminologists and other social scientists. In the process of demonstrating some of the capabilities of GIS, the specifics of selected GIS and database software packages will also be covered. During the course of the semester, students will develop the skills to use GIS packages, manipulate and query geographic data to solve problems, perform simple spatial analysis, and understand how to utilize GIS in law enforcement/social science problem-solving and decision-making processes.
Prerequisite: None.

GEOG 519 - Geographic Information Systems (GIS) for Environmental Applications 3 cr
Provides students with knowledge of the theoretical basis of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and their applications for environmental scientific analysis. In the process of demonstrating some of the capabilities of GIS, the specifics of selected GIS and database software packages will also be covered. During the course of the semester, students will develop the skills to use GIS packages, manipulate and query geographic data to solve problems, perform simple spatial analysis, and understand how to utilize GIS for environmental analysis and resource management.
Prerequisite: None.

GEOG 521 - Enterprise GIS Management 3 cr 
Principles and methods for creating, operating, maintaining, and managing data for multi-user geospatial information systems are studied. Each student will customize, document, and operate a multi-department, multi-user geographic information system of his/her design.
Prerequisite: GEOG 517 or consent of instructor.

GEOG 525/* - Global Positioning Systems (GPS) Concepts and Techniques 3 cr
Provides students with knowledge of the theoretical basis and practical applications of Geographic Positioning Systems (GPS). Students will gain hands-on experience using GPS receivers and GPS observables, as well as the ability to determine point and relative position fixes from pseudorange and carrier phase measurements. Students will be exposed to industry standard GPS hardware and software,as well as appropriate techniques for processing GPS data to achieve necessary levels of horizontal and vertical positional accuracy. Integration of GPS and geographic information systems (GIS) will also be discussed.

GEOG 531 - Population Geography 3 cr 
Spatial variations in numbers, characteristics and dynamics of human population, models, and theoretical constructs relevant to demographic structures and processes are studied.

GEOG 532 - Urban Geography 3 cr 
Analysis of city types, patterns, and functions as influenced by geographic conditions and other factors. City planning techniques and field study are utilized.

GEOG 533 - Geography of Transportation and Trade 3 cr 
Transportation systems and their use: accessibility, circulation, time and distance concepts, and trade patterns. Empirical and theoretical approaches are examined.

GEOG 534 - Political Geography 3 cr 
Geographic factors and conditions are analyzed as they relate to character and function of states. Political institutions in light of geographic conditions.

GEOG 536 - Social Geography 3 cr 
Spatial dimensions of the American society are the focus of this course. The distribution of various social groups and their impact on the landscape are considered.

GEOG 540 - Conservation: Environmental Analysis 3 cr 
Problems of exploitation and utilization of regional resources (e.g., soils, minerals, forests, and wildlife), in relation to population growth and regional planning and development.

GEOG 541 - Climatology 3 cr 
Examines the elements of weather and climate on Earth. The location and causes of global climatic regions are examined in relation to moving pressure and wind systems. The course also considers the climatic history of the planet and recent human modifications of the atmospheric environment.

GEOG 542 - Physiography 3 cr 
Focuses on landform types and their spatial distribution. Emphasis is placed on the tectonic forces that build landforms and the weathering and erosional processes that erode and shape surface features. The relationship between human activities and landforms is also considered.

GEOG 543 - Geography of Fresh Water Resources 3 cr 
Focuses on surface and groundwater as a resource with unique properties. Fresh water is defined physically by storage in the hydrologic cycle and the values assigned by different cultures. Problems featured relate to consumptive and withdrawal water uses, the problems of water supply and scarcity, water law and its inconsistencies, flooding and floodplains management, sources of contamination and pollution, and wetlands, including case studies of selected river basins.

GEOG 550 - Introduction to Planning 3 cr 
Introduction to the profession and activity of contemporary American urban and regional planning. Course emphasis is placed on land use control, design, growth management, and development regulation. Legal and institutional bases of planning practice are covered as well.

GEOG 552 - Planning Methods 3 cr 
Research, analytical design, and plan-making techniques in urban and regional planning. Examines basic items necessary to prepare urban and regional comprehensive plans.

GEOG 554 - Planning Design 3 cr 
Presents concepts of city, subdivision, and transportation design in relation to topography, natural resources, and other physical elements. Prerequisite: GEOG 550.

GEOG 558 - Land Use Law 3 cr 
Introduces students to principles of land use law. The course focus is on federal constitutional principles and key Supreme Court cases, especially as they relate to actions of local units of government and municipal planning practice. Deals with the present state of land use law and with current trends and issues.
Prerequisite: GEOG 550 or GEOG 564.

GEOG 564/* - Land Use Policy 3 cr 
Introduces students to and provides an overview of land use issues at the regional, state, and federal levels. Emphasizes evolution of contemporary policy strategies, constitutional issues, and regional controversies involved in the regulation of metropolitan growth, central city decline, and management of public lands.

GEOG 568 - Planning Theory 3 cr 
Examines process of city planning during ancient, medieval, Renaissance, and modern periods. A review of early planning in America, as well as present city planning, is included.
Prerequisite: GEOG 550

GEOG 581 - Special Topics 3 cr 
Topical courses offered on an experimental basis. Check department schedule for these offerings.

GEOG 584 - Field Studies in Geography and Social Studies 3 cr 
Immerses the student in a regional environment. Helps the student to critically see and to interpret a cultural landscape. The experience is predominantly off campus. Using a combination of structured field exercises, culturally specific readings, primary and secondary data, and standard geographic field techniques, the course strives to develop for the student a deeper affective and cognitive understanding of a cultural region. May be repeated under a different study area title.
Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

GEOG 610 - Research in Geography and Regional Planning 3 cr 
Elements and techniques of scientific research, as applied to geographic and planning problems, are studied. A research proposal is developed.

GEOG 612 - Quantitative Techniques in Geography and Regional Planning 3 cr 
Descriptive and inferential statistical techniques applied to spatial distribution and spatial association of physical and cultural phenomena and testing of spatial theoretical constructs.

GEOG 614 - Thought and Philosophy in Geography and Regional Planning 3 cr 
Examines the status of current and past thought and philosophy in geography and regional planning, using the literature in planning, geography, and the philosophy of science. Topics examined are regional development, local planning, environmentalism and physical geography, and cultural geography. Prerequisite: GEOG 610.

GEOG 617 - Field Techniques in Geography and Planning 3 cr
Field tools and techniques are evaluated and used in the study of a specific area. Interpretation of spatial patterns of phenomena is emphasized.

GEOG 618 - GIS Applications Development 3 cr 
Takes students with GIS analysis skills to the next level: developing of software to automate methods and processes learned in prerequisite courses. Students will learn to write object-oriented software tools for spatial data transaction processing and analysis.
Prerequisite: GEOG 516.

GEOG 620 - Spatial Structure of the Economy 3 cr 
The spatial organization of economic systems is studied. Processes that give rise to these systems and their spatial interdependencies are explored. Topical and regional examples of spatial structure are used as case studies.

GEOG 623 - Regional Development 3 cr 
Theory and policy implications of the spatial aspects of development in various regions of underdevelopment.

GEOG 625 - Environmental Planning 3 cr 
Provides students with information about natural resources, their characteristics, and various techniques that can be implemented for their preservation, conservation, and management. In particular, emphasis will be placed on human-environment interaction and how aspects of the environment can and should be accounted for in planning processes at various spatial scales and levels of analysis. Course material will be presented through lectures, as well as guest speakers, field trips, and student presentations.

GEOG 630 - Cultural Geography 3 cr 
Literature and methods of cultural geography. Topics include population, settlements, human ecology, culture areas, and related features.

GEOG 633 - Settlement Geography 3 cr
Settlement patterns and processes; origins, diffusion, classification, pioneer, settlement planning, and agricultural colonization.

GEOG 650 - Regional Geography 3 cr 
Various regions of the world may be dealt with, such as Latin America, Africa, or South Asia, when there is sufficient student demand. Physical, environmental, cultural, and population patterns are considered.

GEOG 665 - Plan Implementation 3 cr
Considers zoning, improvement programs, housing codes, building codes, methodology and application of administrative procedures, federal and local urban renewal programs, site selection, and program administration.
Prerequisite: GEOG 550.

GEOG 670 - Professional Problems in Geographic Education 3 cr 
Classroom problems and discussion centered about new viewpoints in geography. Individual reports, group discussion, and research included.

GEOG 675 - Spatial Analysis Techniques 3 cr 
A techniques- and project-based course where students learn advanced spatial analysis skills utilizing Geographic Information Systems. Students will learn the concepts underlying spatial analysis techniques and obtain hands-on experience operationalizing methods through use of GIS hardware and software. Prerequisites: GEOG/RGPL 316/516.

GEOG 680 - Seminar 3-6 cr 
Seminars on various topics will be offered occasionally. Topics such as new trends in planning, cartographic theory, or spatial aspects of service industries are the focus of research projects.

GEOG 681 - Special Topics 3 cr 
Topical courses offered on an experimental basis. Check department schedule for these offerings.

GEOG 698 - Internship 3-12 cr
Professional learning experience with emphasis on practical applications of academic background. Prerequisites: Twelve academic credits and a 3.00 cumulative GPA.

GEOG 699 - Independent Study 1-6 cr
Independent research and study under faculty direction. Interested students should apply to director of graduate studies.

GEOG 795 - Thesis 3-6 cr
Registration for thesis must be approved by the department’s graduate coordinator and chairperson ahead of time.

*Indicates dual-listed class

  • Geography and Regional Planning Department
  • Leonard Hall, Room 9
    421 North Walk
    Indiana, PA 15705
  • Phone: 724-357-2250
  • Fax: 724-357-6479
  • Office Hours
  • Monday through Friday
  • 8:00 a.m.–Noon
  • 1:00 p.m.–4:30 p.m.