Providing Aid - Initial Response
• Check the scene for safety. Check the victim for consciousness.
1. Checking the unconscious victim:
- Tap and shout to see if the person responds.
- If no response, have someone call for an ambulance.
- Look, listen and feel for breathing for about 5 seconds.
- If no breathing, position victim on back while supporting head and neck.
- Tilt head back and lift chin.
- Look, listen, and feel for breathing for about 5 seconds.
- Check for severe bleeding.
- Care for life-threatening conditions if you have the proper training.
2. If the victim is conscious:
- Watch for changes in breathing and consciousness.
- Help the victim rest comfortably.
- Keep the victim from getting chilled or overheated.
- Reassure the victim.
- Do not move seriously injured persons unless they are in danger of further injury.
When to Call an Ambulance
• Call 911 and notify the university police if the victim:
- Is unconscious
- Has trouble breathing
- Has a chest pain or pressure
- Is bleeding severely
- Has pressure or pain in the abdomen that does not go away
- Is vomiting or passing blood
- Has repeated seizures or a seizure that lasts for more than a few minutes
- Has a severe headache or slurred speech
- Appears to have been poisoned
- Has injuries to the head, neck, or back
- Has possible broken bones
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